Soviet Policy toward East Germany Reconsidered: The Postwar Decade

By Ann L. Phillips | Go to book overview
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NOTES
1.
Hugh Seton-Watson, The East European Revolution ( New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1951).
2.
Henry Krisch, German Politics under Soviet Occupation ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1974), p. 19. This was the same period during which Varga's analysis of capitalism's future was being debated, indicating the uncertain propects for socialism in the West and the doubt regarding optimal strategy for dealing with the West.
3.
The SED, however, was not one-dimensional. It was the product of two separate and very different parties. Sovietization of the party did eliminate former SPD members from critical positions, although parity between former KPD and SPD members was not officially dropped until January 1949. Some who were considered completely reliable, such as Grotewohl, were maintained in high positions. Even after the transformation of the party and the purge of "Titoists," unanimity did not prevail, as demonstrated in the 1953 challenge to Ulbricht's leadership.
4.
The October 1946 election was a turning point in this devolopment.
5.
Franklyn D. Holzman, International Trade under Communism: Politics and Economics ( New York: Basic Books, 1976), pp. 66-67; Alexander Gerschenkron, "'Russia's Trade in the Postwar Years," American Academy of Political and Social Science Annals ( May 1949), p. 93.
6.
Holzman, International Trade under Communism, p. 74.
7.
United Nations, Economic Commission for Europe, Economic Survey of Europe, 1957 ( Geneva: Economic Commission for Europe, 1958). ch. 6, p. 3.
8.
Paul Marer, "Soviet Economic Policy in Eastern Europe," in Reorientation and Commercial Relations of the Economic of Eastern Europe ( Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1974), p. 139; Jan Wszelaki , Communist Economic Strategy: The Role of East-Central Europe ( Washington, D.C.: National Planning Association, 1959), p. 69.

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