THE Senate of the United States traditionally has been slow to follow shifts in public sentiment.
Students of government have ascribed this tendency to the six-year term which retains a Senator in office for several years after the basic issues on which he may originally have been elected have ceased to be significant. While the entire membership of the House of Representatives faces an election every two years, the Senate sends only one-third of its members before the polls that frequently.
As a result, public opinion recasts the political complexion of the House of Representatives every other year. The Members of the House who voted so overwhelmingly for the Hartley bill were fresh from election campaigns. They remembered vividly the issues of those campaigns, and acted so as to redeeem their election promises.
The Senate was a different matter.
While the control of the Senate had shifted from Democratic