CAUSES OF THE SEPARATION OF 1927-1928
THE third period of "The Middle Ages of Quakerism," as the age of Quietism has been called,1 marked not only the culmination of the ascendancy of Quietism and the discipline, but it forms the introduction to the third division of Quaker history. It was a transition period, within which the Evangelical movement developed along with other causes of the separation of 1827.
The religious life of Friends during this period was generally "low," according to the judgment of the travelling ministers. This is borne out not only by the records of disciplinary proceedings against members for nonconformity in "dress and address" and disownments for marrying out of meetings; but by the astonishing number of disownments for moral delinquencies, not only in the frontier settlements but in old established meetings.2 The records disclose disownments for "corrupt language," "fighting their fellow creatures," violating the Quaker testimony against military training or paying war taxes, using "spirituous liquors to excess," and fornication.3 The minutes of Miami Monthly Meeting add to this list using____________________