THE EFFECTS OF THE SEPARATION
THE third division of Quaker history, from 1827 to the present time, was dominated by the Evangelical creed and program. The first period (ending in 1861) resulted in the triumph of the Evangelical theology over Quietism in both doctrine and methods of religious work. The second period (which ended with the first World War), marked the triumph of Evangelicalism over Quietism in ministry and worship. This was followed in the third period by the struggle between the world outlook of Evangelicalism and modern Liberalism in science, philosophy and theology, with a revival of early Quaker mysticism. The whole third division was characterized by separations in the Society; but such separations lost their power to shake the Society to its foundations after 1857 when Philadelphia Yearly Meeting1 ceased Correspondence with other yearly meetings. The later Wilburite Separations ( 1877-1905) did not convulse Quakerdom as the Hicksite, Wilburite and Beaconite divisions had done.
As the separation of 1827-1828 marked the acceptance of the Evangelical theology on the part of the main body of American Friends, the Anti-slavery movement marked the beginning of the adoption of the Evangelical program as well. It signalized the first great step in the abandonment of the aloofness of the Society in America from official par____________________