Pittsburgh: The Story of a City

By Leland D. Baldwin | Go to book overview

XXIV The Forge of America

The sudden mushrooming of Pittsburgh's steel industry during the three decades between 1860 and 1890 was not fortuitous; rather it was the result of the demands of the Civil War and of the era of expansion that followed, and the energy and persistence of a small coterie of men, most of whom at the beginning of the period were not even of legal age. The history of the Carnegie Steel Company will serve admirably to illuminate the history of the industry, and it has the added advantages of being readily traceable and of being studded with dramatic events that make it as interesting as the wars of Napoleon or the intrigues of the French court.

The Carnegie Steel Company had its origin in 1858 on the site of modern Millvale, in an obscure forge consisting of one wooden trip hammer operated by the brothers Andrew and Anthony Kloman. The Klomans were Prussians who had learned their business in Treves, learned it so well that their axle forgings were in great demand by the rapidly expanding railroads that made Pittsburgh their center. In 1859, only a year after the business was started, the Klomans began to see the desirability of adding another hammer to their equipment and approached Thomas N. Miller, a youth of twenty-four who was

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Pittsburgh: The Story of a City
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Foreword ix
  • Contents xi
  • Maps xiii
  • Prologue- Lewis Evans, His Map 1
  • I- Virginia Takes a Hand in the West 13
  • II- How Are the Mighty Fallen! 27
  • III- Robbers'' Roost 38
  • IV- The Head of Iron 48
  • V- Britannia Rules the Ohio 55
  • VI- Pioneer Village in War and Peace 66
  • VII- "Intestin Broyls" 76
  • VIII- Revolt in the West 85
  • IX- Between Revolts 103
  • X- Tom the Tinker Comes to Town 117
  • XI- The Gateway to the West 129
  • XII- Genesis of an Industrial Empire 145
  • XIII- Life under the Poplars 154
  • XIV- Clapboard Democracy 172
  • XV- From Turnpike to Railroad 184
  • XVI- Civic Pittsburgh, 1810-1860 201
  • XVII- "The Birmingham of America" 218
  • XVIII- The Emergence of a Metropolis 231
  • XIX- Moral and Cultural Advancement 248
  • XX- High and Low Life 268
  • XXI- National Politics on a Local Scale 285
  • XXII- Prelude to Strife 300
  • XXIII- The Sinews of War 311
  • XXIV- The Forge of America 326
  • XXV- Two Generations of Progress 341
  • Epilogue- Trends of the Times 358
  • Errata 369
  • Errata 381
  • Maps 383
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