The Oxford Companion to Irish History

By S. J. Connolly | Go to book overview

N

Nagle, Nano ( 1718-84), founder of the Presentation *nuns. Nagle was the daughter of a Catholic landowning family in Ballygriffin, Co. Cork. She operated six poor-schools in Cork city from the 1750s, and in 1771 invited the French Ursulines to take over one of these. Unsatisfied with their performance, she set up her own congregation, the Sisters of the Charitable Instruction of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, in 1776; the first of the modern, socially active congregations in Ireland, it was intended as a sisterhood without enclosure, and with a multidimensional function of work among the poor. The formal papal recognition of the congregation as the Presentation nuns in 1802, some years after Nagle's death, imposed strict enclosure upon the sisterhood, limiting them to the work of teaching. The congregation nevertheless holds 1776 rather than 1802 as its foundation date.

CC

Nangle, Edward, see SECOND REFORMATION.

Napoleonic wars, see REVOLUTIONARY AND NAPOLEONIC WARS.

Nary, Cornelius ( 1658-1738), Catholic priest and controversialist. The son of a Co. Kildare farmer, he was educated at the Irish College, Paris, and became parish priest of St Michan's, Dublin, around 1699. His best-known work, The Case of the Roman Catholics of Ireland, arguing that proposed new *penal laws were unnecessary and a breach of the treaty of * Limerick, though commonly said to have been published anonymously in 1723, first appears in a collection printed in 1742. Nary engaged in public debate with several Protestant clergymen, including Edward Synge, archbishop of Tuam. His translation of the New Testament ( 1718) was condemned in Rome as unsound.

Nation, a weekly newspaper founded in October 1842 to promote the campaign for *repeal and to disseminate the ideas of cultural nationalism. Owned and edited by Charles Gavan *Duffy in collaboration with Thomas *Davis and John Blake *Dillon , the Nation was the mouthpiece of *Young Ireland. With an initial print-run of 12,000 copies, the paper was widely distributed through repeal reading rooms, and claimed a readership of 250,000. The Nation was suppressed in 1848 and revived by Duffy in 1849. It continued until 1897, but never regained the impact of its early years.

PHG

national anthems, like *flags, have a contentious history. 'God Save the King', accepted from the early 19th century as the British national anthem, became in Ireland, and in * Northern Ireland has remained, an important expression of *unionist allegiance. Up to 1914, its most popular nationalist rival was T. D. Sullivan 'God Save Ireland' ( 1867), commemorating the *Manchester martyrs, which became the unofficial anthem of the *Irish parliamentary party. From 1912, however, the *Irish Volunteers chose as their marching song 'The Soldier's Song' (first published 1912), by Peadar Kearney ( 1883- 1942) and Patrick Heeney (d. 1911). In 1926 this was adopted, despite apparent reservations concerning its suitability, as the national anthem of the *Irish Free State. De *Valera's appropriation for a political party of the opening words of the 1923 Irish version ('Sinne Fianna Fail'--'we are the soldiers of destiny') was apparently unintentional, but attempts to replace 'Fianna' with 'laochra' (heroes) never gained general acceptance. The resurgence of political violence in Northern Ireland from 1969 has sharpened reservations concerning the anthem's romantic militarism.

National Archives, see PUBLIC RECORDS.

National Association, formally instituted in Dublin in December 1864 to facilitate co-operation between Irish Catholics and English radicals, specifically with a view to promoting *disestablishment. The initiative had come from William J. O'Neill Daunt ( 1807-94), a former aide of * O'Connell, who had established contact with John Bright and the English Liberation Society and then drawn in Archbishop Patrick Leahy of Cashel, John Blake *Dillon, and a group of Dublin

-377-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Oxford Companion to Irish History
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Editorial Advisers ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Maps vii
  • Preface ix
  • Acknowledgements xi
  • Contributors xiii
  • Note to the Reader xvii
  • A 1
  • B 33
  • C 66
  • D 133
  • E 167
  • F 183
  • G 212
  • H 233
  • I 254
  • K 282
  • L 292
  • M 333
  • N 377
  • O 397
  • P 424
  • Q 469
  • R 471
  • S 495
  • T 532
  • U 557
  • V 577
  • W 582
  • Y 601
  • Z 603
  • Maps 605
  • Subject Index 613
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 622

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.