Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook

By Denise D. Knight | Go to book overview

that periodical. The essay contains praise for Freeman's stylistic skill but warns that French readers will be puzzled by the strangeness of the echoings of Puritanism in her writings. The French, she thought, might be at a loss to understand Pembroke. With her essay, Blanc included a translation of "A New England Nun."

In 1956 Edward Foster published the first biography of Freeman, and ten years later, Perry D. Westbrook published a critical study of her writing. ( Westbrook's book appeared in a revised edition in 1988.) Both authors recognized in Freeman a skilled observer of the mores and conditions of New England village life. A recent, extremely valuable contribution is Brent L. Kendrick The Infant Sphinx: Collected Letters of Mary E. Wilkins Freeman. Its main introduction along with introductions to the successive periods in which the letters were written and its copious annotations constitute the fullest and most detailed study of Freeman's life and career yet to appear.

In the 1960s, as the country became increasingly concerned with the status and rights of women in our society and courses in women's studies began to appear in colleges and universities, a keen interest developed in women writers, especially those writing extensively about women. Among such authors, Freeman drew close attention, mainly from women critics. Two collections of her stories appeared, one edited by Michelle Clark and the other by Marjorie Pryse, both with critical introductions. A third volume, edited by Barbara H. Solomon, with a lengthy introduction, contains selected stories by Sarah Orne Jewett as well as by Freeman. Other critics and scholars discussed Freeman in parts of books or in periodical articles, among them Alice Glarden Brand, Leah Blatt Glasser, Susan Allen Toth, and Ann Douglas Wood. With these writers the focus has been primarily on the efforts, successful more often than not, of Freeman's women to overcome harsh social or economic handicaps through their own inner strengths, which they may have long been aware of or which they have not come to realize until a time of crisis. In addition, some of these critics deal perceptively with Freeman's literary skills, for example, in her use of symbols, her creation of atmosphere, and her development of theme and character. After comparative neglect during at least two decades following her death, this renewal of interest in Freeman has restored her reputation to its rightful place among nineteenth-century American authors.


WORKS CITED

Howells, William Dean. "The Editor's Study." Harper's New Monthly 75 ( September 1987): 640.

Machen, Arthur. Hieroglyphics. 1902. Reprint, London: Unicorn Press, 1960. 173-176.

Matthiessen, Francis Otto. "New England Stories." In American Writers on American Literature, edited by John Macy. New York: Horace Liveright, 1931. 399-413.

Pattee, Fred Lewis. Sidelights on American Literature. New York: Century, 1915. 187.

Westbrook, Perry D. Mary Wilkins Freeman. Rev. ed. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1988. 16-17.

-146-

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Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xi
  • Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888) 1
  • Bibliography 9
  • Anne Charlotte Lynch Botta (1815-1891) 11
  • Bibliography 14
  • Maria Gowen Brooks (Maria del Occidente) (1794-1845) 15
  • Bibliography 18
  • Frances Hodgson Burnett (1849-1924) 19
  • Bibliography 23
  • Alice Cary (1820-1871) 26
  • Bibliography 31
  • Phoebe Cary (1824-1871) 32
  • Bibliography 34
  • Caroline Chesebro' (Caroline Chesebrough) (1825-1873) 36
  • Works Cited 39
  • Bibliography 40
  • Lydia Maria Child (1802-1880) 42
  • Bibliography 47
  • Kate Chopin (1850-1904) 50
  • Works Cited 58
  • Bibliography 59
  • Louise Amelia Knapp Smith Clappe (Dame Shirley) (1819-1906) 61
  • Bibliography 64
  • Rose Terry Cooke (1827-1892) 66
  • Bibliography 71
  • Ina Donna Coolbrith (1841-1928) 73
  • Bibliography 76
  • Anna Julia Cooper (1858-1964) 77
  • Bibliography 79
  • Maria Susanna Cummins (1827-1866) 81
  • Bibliography 87
  • Rebecca Harding Davis (1831-1910) 88
  • Works Cited 95
  • Bibliography 96
  • Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) 99
  • Works Cited 108
  • Bibliography 108
  • Alice Ruth Moore Dunbar- Nelson (1875-1935) 111
  • Works Cited 116
  • Bibliography 116
  • Emma Embury (1806-1863) 118
  • Works Cited 120
  • Bibliography 121
  • Fanny Fern (sara Payson Willis Parton) (1811-1872) 123
  • Bibliography 128
  • Kate Field (1838-1896) 131
  • Bibliography 134
  • Martha Finley (Martha Farquharson) (1828-1909) 135
  • Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman (1852-1930) 139
  • Works Cited 146
  • Bibliography 147
  • Margaret Fuller (1810-1850) 150
  • Bibliography 158
  • Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935) 160
  • Bibliography 166
  • Anna Katharine Green (1846-1935) 168
  • Works Cited 170
  • Bibliography 170
  • Sarah Pratt Mclean Greene (1856-1935) 173
  • Bibliography 178
  • Grace Greenwood (sara Jane Clarke Lippincott) (1823-1904) 180
  • Bibliography 184
  • Angelina GrimkÉ - (1805-1879) 186
  • Bibliography 188
  • Sarah GrimkÉ (1792-1873) 190
  • Works Cited 192
  • Bibliography 193
  • Sarah Josepha Hale (1788-1879) 194
  • Bibliography 197
  • Gail Hamilton (Mary Abigail Dodge) (1833-1896) 199
  • Bibliography 204
  • Marion Harland (Mary Virginia Hawes Terhune) (1830-1922) 206
  • Selected Bibliography 211
  • Fances E. W. Harper (1825-1911) 213
  • Bibliography 218
  • Caroline Lee Whiting Hentz (1800-1856) 220
  • Bibliography 222
  • Marietta Holley (Josiah Allen's Wife) (1836-1926) 224
  • Bibliography 229
  • Mary Jane Hawes Holmes (1825-1907) 231
  • Bibliography 234
  • Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins (1859-1930) 236
  • Bibliography 238
  • Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins (1844-1891) 241
  • Works Cited 245
  • Bibliography 245
  • Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910) 247
  • Bibliography 252
  • Helen Hunt Jackson (1830-1885) 253
  • Works Cited 259
  • Bibliography 259
  • Harriet A. Jacobs (Linda Brent) (C. 1813-1897) 262
  • Bibliography 269
  • Sarah Orne Jewett (1849-1909) 270
  • Bibliography 278
  • Grace Elizabeth King (1852-1932) 281
  • Bibliography 284
  • Caroline Kirkland (1801-1864) 286
  • Bibliography 291
  • Lucy Larcom (1824-1893) 293
  • Bibliography 295
  • Rose Hawthorne Lathrop (Mother Mary Alphonsa) (1851-1926) 297
  • Bibliography 299
  • Emma Lazarus (1849-1887) 301
  • Bibliography 303
  • Maria Jane Mcintosh (1803-1878) 305
  • Works Cited 307
  • Bibliography 308
  • Adah Isaacs Menken (1835-1868) 310
  • Bibliography 313
  • Anna Cora Ogden Mowatt (Ritchie) - (1819-1870) 314
  • Bibliography 317
  • Mary Noailles Murfree (Charles Egbert Craddock) - (1850-1922) 318
  • Work Cited 322
  • Bibliography 322
  • Elizabeth Oakes Smith - (1806-1893) 324
  • Bibliography 328
  • Frances Sargent Locke Osgood - (1811-1850) 331
  • Bibliography 334
  • Elizabeth Stuart Phelps (1815-1852) 336
  • Bibliography 341
  • Henrietta Cordelia Ray (1849?-1916) 343
  • Works Cited 345
  • Bibliography 345
  • Lizette Woodworth Reese (1856-1935) 347
  • Bibliography 349
  • Atharine Maria Sedgwick (1789-1867) 351
  • Bibliography 359
  • Lydia Howard Huntley Sigourney (1791-1865) 361
  • Work Cited 366
  • Bibliography 366
  • E. D. E. N. Southworth (Emma Dorothy Eliza Nevitte Southworth) (1819-1899) 368
  • Bibliography 373
  • Harriet Prescott Spofford (1835-1921) 377
  • Bibliography 383
  • Ann Sophia Stephens (1810-1886) 386
  • Bibliography 389
  • Maria Stewart (1803-1879) 392
  • Bibliography 396
  • Elizabeth Drew Barstow Stoddard - (1823-1902) 397
  • Bibliography 403
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896) 406
  • Works Cited 411
  • Bibliography 412
  • Ruth Mcenery Stuart (1849-1917) 414
  • Bibliography 418
  • Octave Thanet (Alice French) (1850-1934) 420
  • Bibliography 424
  • Celia Laighton Thaxter (1835-1894) 426
  • Metta Victoria Fuller Victor (1831-1885) 433
  • Works Cited 434
  • Bibliography 435
  • Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward (1844-1911) 438
  • Bibliography 448
  • Susan Warner (1819-1885) 452
  • Bibliography 460
  • Frances Miriam Berry Whitcher (1814-1852) 463
  • Bibliography 467
  • Sarah Helen Whitman (1803-1878) 468
  • Bibliography 472
  • A. D. T. Whitney (Adeline Dutton Train Whitney) (1824-1906) 474
  • Bibliography 477
  • Augusta Jane Evans Wilson (1835-1909) 479
  • Bibliography 483
  • Harriet E. Wilson (1827?-1863) 484
  • Works Cited 488
  • Bibliography 489
  • Sally S. Wood (1759-1855) 490
  • Bibliography 494
  • Constance Fenimore Woolson (1840-1894) 495
  • Bibliography 502
  • Bibliography 505
  • Index 511
  • About the Editor and Contributors 527
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