Presidents and Prime Ministers

By Richard Rose; Ezra N. Suleiman | Go to book overview

7
The Organization of
Authoritarian Leadership:
Franco Spain

Carlos R. Alba

There is as yet no adequate theoretical framework into which the Franco regime can be placed and through which it can be understood. The most common categories into which it has been placed have been too general to be of much use: "fascism," "conservative dictatorship," "despotic absolutism," "Catholic corporativist dictatorship," "military dictatorship," "paternalistic dictatorship," "national syndicalist regime," "organic democracy," "caudillaje," and "authoritarian regime."1 None of these categories contributes a great deal to our understanding of the organization of executive power under a regime such as General Franco's. Indeed, much of the literature on Spanish politics concentrates on the pre-civil war era, on the civil war itself, and on the rise to power of General Franco. The death of Franco has led to a preoccupation with the problems of establishing a democratic regime in contemporary Spain. As a consequence, there is a paucity of knowledge about the process of governing under Franco's regime.

____________________
NOTE: The author wishes to thank the March Foundation and Yale University for their support in the preparation of certain parts of this chapter. Acknowledgment is also made of support from the Spanish-American Committee for Cultural Affairs for a comparative study of Spanish, Western European, and American public bureaucracies.
1
Juan Linz, "'An Authoritarian Regime: Spain," in E. Allardt and Y. Littunen, eds., Cleavages, Ideologies and Party Systems, contribution to Comparative Political Sociology ( Helsinki: The Westermarck Society, 1964). Juan Martinez Alier, "Critica de la caracterizacion del franquismo como regimen autoritario de pluralismo limitado," Cuaderno de Ruedo Iberico, vol. 43-45 ( 1975). pp. 67-75. Eduardo Sevilla Guzman et al., "Despotismo Moderno y Dominacion de Clase para una Sociologia del Regimen Franquista," Papers Revista de Sociologia, vol. 8 ( 1978), pp. 103-141. This journal has a very good bibliography on Franco's Spain. A good discussion of the sociological literature on Franquismo is given in Jose Felix Tezanos , Estructura de Clases y Conflictos de Poder en la España Postfranquista ( Madrid: Edicusa, 1978), pp. 35-126.

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