IN HIS PRESS CONFERENCES the cautious Coolidge avoided any impression that he alone conducted the government of the United States. To Congress belonged the glory, or at least a fair share of it. He was not above flattering Congress and claimed that his relations with it were better than those of many of his predecessors. The President maintained his diplomatic contacts with Capitol Hill through individual congressional pilgrimages to his office and through group breakfasts at the White House.
Coolidge considered his "office" correlative with Congress. Each had its equal duties. He would respect Congress and in return Congress was not to poach on presidential prerogatives. He sometimes found Congress trying, as when the Senate turned down his politically unwise nomination of Charles Beecher Warren as Attorney General, the first time since Andrew Johnson's administration that a nominee for the cabinet had been rejected. Among other things, he complained to the press conference about the congressional requirement that commissioners for the District of Columbia be citizens of the District. Congress often tried to raid the budget, that bastion of Coolidge's presidency; usually anticipating such attempts, the eagle-eyed Vermonter successfully repelled them.
On a major domestic issue of the 1920's, immigration, Coolidge did not take a stand against Congress. The restrictive legislation of 1924 stopped a flood of immigration that had risen to approximately a million a year just before the outbreak of the World War. Included in the new national origins act, a thinly veiled