The usurpers take over in Poland Pledges and betrayals of Yalta Safe conduct for underground leaders The leaders disappear Churchill is depressed
MY successor, Tomasz Arciszewski, a vigorous old Socialist leader who knew Nazi tyranny firsthand (we had removed him by plane after he had lived for five years in occupied Warsaw), continued the Polish government's efforts to heal the breach with the Soviet. In his first speech as Prime Minister on December 7, 1944, he extended his hand in friendship. It remained unclasped.
Russia's plans for a Soviet Poland were progressing rapidly without the consent of, or because of the indifference of, the United States and Great Britain. The Red activities were massive and coordinated. The Red Army remained just outside Warsaw (though other units of the Russian forces had long since by-passed the capital) until the Germans had completed the demolition of the city. On December 31, 1944, the Lublin Committee was instructed by the Kremlin to proclaim itself the Provisional Government of Liberated Democratic Poland. On January 5, 1945, Russia formally recognized the Provisional Government. On January 13, the Red Army High Command announced that it was beginning an "all-out" offensive against Warsaw, and on the seventeenth the Red forces entered the abandoned, flattened capital. It was all grimly efficient.