Politics, Society and Christianity in Vichy France

By W. D. Halls | Go to book overview

was of paramount importance. Thus, in September 1944, in his efforts to reassert the power of the central authority, he had toured the provinces, making a point of meeting not only Saliège and Gerlier, but even Feltin; in his native city of Lille he had attended a mass at which Cardinal Liénart officiated, despite the visible coolness between them. In May 1945, at a service to mark the end of the war in Europe, he had been received at the portico of Notre Dame by Cardinal Suhard, whom he had spurned a few months previously. There was thus a partial reconciliation.


Notes

Unless otherwise stated the place of publication is Paris.)

1.
See Baudrillart's Preface to (Collective work): L'Allemagne et les Alliés devant la conscience chrétienne, 1915.
2.
For Baudrillart the present writer is much indebted to P. Christophe, 1939-1940, Les Catholiques devant la guerre, 1989, pp. 60-90, which is based on a study of the archives.
3.
AN F60. 1674.
4.
At the monthly meeting of the Académie on 13 June 1940 Baudrillart was the only member who turned up. See G. and J. Ragache, La vie quotidienne des érivains et des artistes sous l'Occupation, 1940-1944, 1988, p. 21.
5.
See Archives de l'Institut Catholique de Paris, MS 6673, 31 October 1940, pp. 207-10, quoted in Christophe, 1939-1940, Les Catholiques, pp. 159f.
6.
"Choisir, vouloir, obéir", La Gerbe, 21 November 1940. Reprinted as a sixteen-page pamphlet and published at Vanves.
7.
Christophe, 1939-1940. Les Catholiques, pp. 80ff.
8.
Y. Marchasson, "Autour du Cardinal Baudrillart", Acres: Lyons, pp. 227-36, reports a sampling of Baudrillart's correspondence that substantiates this assertion.
9.
A Dio, Lille, Guerre 1939-1945. Annales 8M1.
10.
'Lettre d'un religieux théologien', August 1941, quoted in Christophe, 1939-1940. Les Catholiques, p. 61.
11.
AN F60. 1674. Broadcast from Radio Hilversum, quoted in English in [Allied] News Digest, 4 November 1942.,
12.
AN F60.1674. News Digest, 13 August 1942., quoting a report in Le Nouveau Journal ( Brussels), 8 June 1942.
13.
H. Claude, "L'Evêque, le Maréchal, la Collaboration, 1940-1945", RHDGM, [a special issue on 'Collaboration et Résistance dans le Nord et le Pas-de-Calais'], no. 1135, July 1984, pp. 58-61.
14.
The text is given in the important contribution by H. Claude, "La hiérarchie catholique, le gouvernement de Vichy et l'occupant", Actes: Lille, pp. 271f.
15.
Le trait d'union, a German-controlled newsletter, no. 48, 12 January 1941, p. 3, quoted in Claude, 'La hiérarchie catholique'.
16.
Semaine religieuse, "Le mot de Monseigneur", ( Arras), April 1941, pp. 106f.
17.
AD du Nord, Lille, 1W 2279. Report of Commissaire Spécial, Lille, to Prefect, 25 June 1941.

-379-

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Politics, Society and Christianity in Vichy France
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Berg French Studies ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • List of Abbreviations x
  • Part I - Christianity in Crisis 1
  • 1 - Introductory 3
  • Notes 13
  • 2 - Christians and Pre-War Politics 15
  • Notes 28
  • 3 - Prelude to Vichy 31
  • Notes 40
  • Part II - Aspirations, Realisations and Disappointments 43
  • 4 - The Man of Destiny 45
  • Notes 65
  • 5 - Christians in Disarray 69
  • Notes 84
  • 6 - The Church: New Laws 87
  • Notes 92
  • Part III - The Scapegoats 93
  • 7 - Christians and Jews--I 95
  • Notes 110
  • 8 - Christians and Jews--Ii 113
  • Notes 124
  • 9 - Christians and Jews: The Aftermath 127
  • Notes 144
  • Part IV - Friends and Foes 149
  • 10 - Christians and the Allies 151
  • Notes 162
  • 11 - Christians, Bombings and 'terrorism' 165
  • Notes 174
  • 12 - Christians and Germans 177
  • Notes 195
  • 13 - Christians and the Resistance 199
  • Notes 220
  • 14 - Vichy, the Church and the Vatican 223
  • Notes 236
  • Part V - The Church and Society 239
  • 15 - The Church and Economic and Social Affairs 241
  • Notes 265
  • 16 - Youth Policy and the Church 269
  • Notes 284
  • 17 - Youth Movements 287
  • Notes 307
  • 18 - Christians and Deportation to Germany 311
  • Notes 334
  • Part VI - Settling the Accounts 339
  • 19 - Christians and the Collaborationists 341
  • Notes 356
  • 20 - 'Epuration' and the Higher Clergy 361
  • Notes 379
  • 21 - Concluding Remarks 383
  • Notes 388
  • Appendix I Before the War: L'Aube and the Catholic Intellectual Press 389
  • Notes 391
  • Appendix II Bishops and Archbishops by Province 393
  • Bibliographical Note 397
  • Select Bibliography 399
  • Index 405
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