Duke's Law of the State of New York, 1664
Whereas it is highly necessary and of great consequence that the youth, from their childhood, is well instructed in reading, writing and arithmetic, and principally in the principles and fundaments of the Christian religion, in conformity to the lesson of that wise King Solomon, 'Learn the youth the first principles, and as he grows old, he shall then not deviate from it;' so that in time such men may arise from it, who may be able to serve their country in Church or in State; which being seriously considered by the Director General and Council in New Netherland, as the number of children by God's merciful blessing has considerably increased, they have deemed necessary, so that such an useful and to our (us) God agreeable concern may be more effectually promoted, to recommend the present schoolmaster, and to command him, so as it is done by this, that they ( Pietersen, the Principal, and Von Hoboocken, of the branch school on the Bouwery) on Wednesday, before the beginning of the sermon, with the children entrusted to their care, shall appear in the church to examine, after the close of the sermon, each of them his own scholars, in the presence of the reverend ministers and elders who may there be present, what they, in the course of the week, do remember of the Christian commands and catechism, and what progress they have made; after which the children shall be allowed a decent recreation.
Done in Amsterdam, New Netherland, this 17th March, 1664, by the Director General and Council. -- Dunshee, 30.____________________
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Publication information: Book title: Into Slavery:Racial Decisions in the Virginia Colony. Contributors: Joseph Boskin - Author. Publisher: J. B. Lippincott. Place of publication: Philadelphia. Publication year: 1976. Page number: 81.