WE have now to pass from the stately halls of the heroic Basileus to the dwellings of his people.
About the palace which crowned the castle steep, at Mycenae at least, there was room left for the Chief's immediate retainers -- for the royal household in the wider sense; and of these abodes not a few may now be studied in their ruins. Of first importance among them is a house adjoining the polygonal tower in the south-west wall (G). Like the palaces, this dwelling has two distinct parts. The first part is made up of court, porch and hall; the second, of three underground chambers, above which there seems to have been a second floor for the women. The two sections have a common outer court, from which a wooden staircase communicated with the basement rooms. In the middle of the hall there is a square hearth, but there are no inside pillars and no anteU+00A chamber as distinguished from the vestibule. In other respects the construction is that of the palaces: walls of rubble masonry, coated with clay mortar and then with lime plaster and finally frescoed; sandstone bases for the wooden jambs; concrete floors in court and hall, and so on. Obviously, then, the house is not only contemporary with the palaces, -- we have already noted (p. 27) that it is far more ancient than the polygonal tower, -- but it must have been the residence of an important personage.
Private house on Palace plan