THE FIRST IMPEACHMENT RESOLUTION adopted by the House of Representatives was directed against a member of the United States Senate. After investigating the charges, a House committee headed by Samuel Sitgreaves of Massachusetts made this motion on July 5, 1797:
"Resolved, that William Blount, a Senator of the United States, from the State of Tennessee, be impeached for high crimes and misdemeanors."
Thus by implication, jurisdiction was based on Article II, section 4, specifying the persons and offenses which come under the impeachment provision. Taken up on July 7, the motion at once led to the question whether members of Congress were liable to impeachment. Chairman Sitgreaves and his committee thought they were, and this view was supported, Sitgreaves told the House, by Attorney General Charles Lee and the eminent Philadelphia lawyers William Rawle and William Lewis. Representatives John Nicholas of Virginia and Albert Gallatin of Pennsylvania, a new