EXPANSION AND CONQUEST
THE first half century of English colonization closed with three groups of settlements securely established in the New World. Farthest south were the island plantations of the West Indies, -- Barbados, the Leeward Islands, and, by conquest just at the end of this period, the Spanish colony of Jamaica. Next came the tobacco-planting colonies of Chesapeake Bay; and, finally, with another long interval, the self-governing Puritan commonwealths of New England. Leaving Jamaica out of account for a moment, all these colonies had certain common characteristics. All were the result of real colonization, the taking up of land not previously occupied by Europeans. In the island colonies and to a slight extent on Chesapeake Bay, negro slaves had been brought in; otherwise the population was almost exclusively English. In the two southern groups, except for a short time during the English Puritan Revolution, established institutions and prevailing ideals followed closely those of the mother country. In each of these little dependent states, there was a governor representing the monarchical principle but also an assembly claiming the privileges of the English House of Commons. Justices of the peace and vestrymen regulated the affairs of lesser people much as they did in England. These people were also, for the most part, content with the religious system to which they had been accustomed in the old home. Except in Maryland, they believed that God Almighty should be "devoutly and duly served", in the orthodox Anglican
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Publication information: Book title: The Foundations of American Nationality. Contributors: Evarts Boutell Greene - Author. Publisher: American Book Company. Place of publication: New York; Cincinnati. Publication year: 1922. Page number: 130.