Washington and His Generals - Vol. 1

By Joel Tyler Headley | Go to book overview
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where, by a series of unfortunate accidents, his party was defeated, and he himself and several other officers were taken prisoners. Various unsuccessful attempts were made for an exchange, but he continued a prisoner of war for more than two years.


BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOHN NIXON.

JOHN NIXON was a native of Framingham, Massachusetts, where he was born on the 4th of March, 1725. When the expedition against Cape Breton, planned by Colonel William Vaughan, was undertaken by Governor Shirley, in 1745, Nixon joined the troops under Sir William Pepperell, and was at the capture of Louisbourg. After serving in the army and navy seven years, he returned to his native place, but soon again entered the army as a captain, and fought at Ticonderoga when Abercrombie was defeated, and in the battle of Lake George. Afterward, falling into an ambuscade, he cut his way through the enemy and escaped, but with the loss of nearly all his party. In the Revolution, he was at the head of a company of minute men at Lexington; and at Bunker Hill, where he commanded a regiment, he received a severe wound, from which he never entirely recovered. He was made a brigadier-general in August, 1776. Washington intrusted him with the command on Governor's Island, near New York. He was with Gates in 1777. In the battle of Stillwater a cannon-ball passed so near his head as to impair permanently the sight of one eye, and his hearing in one ear. In bad health, he resigned his commission in 1780. In 1803 he removed to Middlebury, Vermont, where he resided with his children until he died, on the 24th of March, 1815, at the age of ninety.

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