Widespread efforts have been made to supplement casework with a group approach to AFDC families. The following problems are identified as a matter of concern to the program:
1. There is a need for general reform of the program to provide an adequate minimum income to all families in need. Recent legislative attempts toward such change were reviewed in this chapter.
2. The general public may have unrealistic expectations concerning a sharp drop in the number of welfare recipients as a consequence of training and employment programs.
3. The negative public image of the program has reduced public willingness to provide the program with the resources it needs.
4. There are conflicts within the program concerning its attitude toward the father who is away from the home.
5. There is a disparity between the aims of the program and the levels of assistance it provides.
The following trends were discussed:
1. Continuing interest in the reform of the AFDC program.
2. Concern about support payments from the absent father and a legislative mandate to implement support payments.
3. More rigorous monitoring and control of applicant eligibility.
4. Public agencies' contracting for the purchase of services from voluntary agencies to meet client needs.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ABBOTT GRACE. The Child and the State. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1949, 2 vols.

ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS ADMINISTRATION, SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION. Characteristics of State Plans for Aid to Families of Dependent Children. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1977.

BALL ROBERT M. Social Security--Today and Tomorrow. New York: Columbia University Press, 1975.

BELL WINIFRED. Aid to Dependent Children. New York: Columbia University Press, 1965.

-----. "AFDC: Symptom and Potential," pp. 221-265, in Jubilee for Our Times. Ed. by Alvin L. Schorr. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977.

BERNSTEIN BLANCHE, and WILLIAM MEEZAN. The Impact of Welfare on Family Stability. New York: Center for New York City Affairs, New School for Social Research, June 1975.

BISHOP JOHN. Jobs, Cash Transfers and Marital Instability: A Review of the Evidence. Madison, Wis.: Institute for Research on Poverty, 1977.

BLACKWELL GORDON, and RAYMOND GOULD. Future Citizens All. Chicago: American Public Welfare Association, 1952.

BRADBURY KATHERINE. The Effects of Welfare Reform Alternatives an the Family. Madison, Wis.: Institute for Research on Poverty, 1971.

-147-

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Child Welfare Services
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xi
  • 1 - Child Welfare: Orientation and Scope 1
  • Introduction 1
  • Summary 28
  • Bibliography 29
  • 2 - Perspectives on Child Welfare Services 33
  • Bibliography 70
  • 3 - Supportive Services 75
  • Introduction 75
  • Summary 107
  • 4 - Supplementary Services: Social Insurance and Public Assistance 115
  • Introduction 115
  • Summary 146
  • Bibliography 147
  • 5 - Protective Services 151
  • Introduction 151
  • Summary 222
  • Bibliography 234
  • 6 - Homemaker Services 235
  • Introduction 235
  • Summary 260
  • Bibliography 262
  • 7 - Day-Care Service 267
  • Introduction 267
  • Summary 306
  • Bibliography 307
  • 8 - Substitute Care: Foster-Family Care 313
  • Introduction 313
  • Summary 400
  • Bibliography 402
  • 9 - The Unmarried Mother and the Out-Of-Wedlock Child 413
  • Introduction 413
  • Summary 456
  • Bibliography 457
  • 10 - Substitute Care: Adoption 465
  • Introduction 465
  • Summary 565
  • Bibliography 567
  • 11 - The Child-Caring Institution 583
  • Introduction 583
  • Summary 621
  • Bibliography 623
  • 12 - Child Welfare Services in Other Countries 631
  • Introduction 631
  • Summary 665
  • Bibliography 666
  • 13 - The Sociology of the Child Welfare Worker 673
  • Introduction 673
  • Summary 695
  • Bibliography 697
  • Index 701
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