as the economic resources available for caring for dependents, the ratio of dependents to productive adults, the general attitude toward the child, and the availability of alternative patterns of mutual aid in the primary group.

Developing countries are currently facing some of the same problems in organizing social services that were faced by the more economically advanced nations two or three centuries ago. Child welfare services in such countries are primarily concerned with meeting the basic health, educational, and housing needs of the child population.

A review of the supportive, supplementary, and substitutive child welfare services in nations similar to the United States suggests that the social insurance plans of such countries, as they affect the child, are more comprehensive than our own. They include family allowances, maternity benefits, medical care, and sickness insurance. Some additional details were noted regarding differences between child welfare services here and abroad.


ACOSTA JOSEFINA. "Columbian Elites and the Underdevelopment of the Social Welfare System," pp. 221-239, in Meeting Human Needs, Vol. 2. Ed. by Daniel Thurz and Joseph Vigilante. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Russell Sage Publications, 1977.

ANDERSON LEWIS G. "Child Welfare in New Zealand." Indian Journal of Social Work, 24, 1 ( April 1963).

BALI-BENNETT JOHN, and JOHN MEYER. "The Ideology of Childhood and the State: Rules Distinguishing Children in National Constitutions." American Sociological Review, 43 ( December 1978), 797-812.

BALL ROBERT M. Social Security--Today and Tomorrow. New York: Columbia University Press, 1978.

BARINBAUM LEA. "Identity Crises in Adolescence: The Problems of an Adopted Girl." Adolescence, 9 (Winter 1974), 547-564.

BAYH MARVELLA. "Russians and Japanese Ahead in Day Care." Voice, 3, 2 ( February 1970), 3-4.

BENET MARY K. The Politics of Adoption. New York: The Free Press, 1976.

BORJESON BERGT. Reestablishing an Identity: Family Treatment at Ska Children's Village. Stockholm: Child Welfare Board, 1974.

BRACKETT JAMES W. "World Fertility 1976--An Analysis of Data Sources and Trends." Population Reports, Series J, No. 12. Washington, D.C.: Department of Medical and Public Affairs, The George Washington University Medical Center, November 1976.

CENTRAL UNION FOR CHILD WELFARE IN FINLAND. Child Welfare in Finland. Helsinki: Central Union for Child Welfare, 1968.

CLIFFORD W. A Primer of Social Casework in Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, 1966.

COUNCIL FOR MUTUAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE. Statistical Yearbook, 1977. London: Industrial Press Ltd., 1978.

DESSAU DOROTHY, Glimpses of Social Work in Japan--Revisited. Kyoto: Social Workers' International Club of Japan, 1968.

DODGE JAMES. "SOS Children's Villages Throughout the World: Substitute or Superior Service." Child Welfare, 5, 6 ( June 1972), 344-353.

ELMER AKE. "Sweden's Model System of Social Service Administration," pp. 196-218, in Meeting Human Needs, Vol. 1. Ed. by Daniel Thurz and Joseph Vigilante. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Russell Sage Publications, 1975.


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