Aspects of the Development of Competence

By W. Andrew Collins; Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology | Go to book overview

these variables? These are questions of both theoretical and practical significance. Is the child's sense of competence a precursor of his or her intrinsic orientation, or does one's intrinsic orientation lead to mastery attempts, which, if successful, enhance one's sense of competence? Where does the child's sense of control enter into this network?. These are questions that we can now ask of the data. Currently, we are beginning to employ pathanalytic techniques to test alternative causal models. For example, the causal implications in the original diagram were that some combination of intrinsic motivation and success would lead to perceptions of competence and control. Beyond this, however, specific predictions were not advanced. Our measures have allowed us to test much more specific predictions and to pit several seemingly reasonable models against one another in order to determine which one best characterizes our data. In addition to cross-sectional data, we are into the third year of a longitudinal study that will provide us with even greater predictive power ( Connell & Harter, 1979). Thus, we are now in a position to examine causal relationships in the model.

But wait. What model? Do we or do we not have a new and more differentiated model? An earlier section of this chapter referred to "constructs in search of a measure." Perhaps we are now in a position to conclude that there are measurable constructs in search of a model. But right now, it feels a bit beyond our grasp, perhaps not unlike effectance motivation and Santa Claus. Yes, Virginia, somewhere there is a model. Just wait until next Christmas!


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The research reported in this chapter was supported by a grant ♯HD-09613 from the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, NIH, U.S.P.H.S. Much of the research and thinking presented here has grown out of my collaboration with Jim Connell and Bob Engstrom who have constantly provided conceptual input and statistical expertise. Manuals for the instruments described can be obtained from the author. Author's address: Department of Psychology, University of Denver, 2040 South York, Denver, Colorado 80208.


REFERENCES

Aronfreed, J. "The concept of internalization". In Goslin (Ed.), Handbook of socialization theory and research. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1969.

Bandura, A. "Vicarious and self- reinforcement processes". In Glaser (Ed.), The nature of reinforcement. New York: Academic Press, 1971.

Connell, J. P. A multidimensional measure of children's perceptions of control. Unpublished manuscript, University of Denver, 1979.

-254-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Aspects of the Development of Competence
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 278

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.