Risky Business? Pac Decisionmaking in Congressional Elections

By Robert Biersack; Paul S. Herrnson et al. | Go to book overview

The financial demands of a presidential campaign, two expensive Senate races in California, and many marginal House races meant that gifts to friendly incumbents who faced only token opposition were reduced. There was less money to invest in nonincumbent candidates who were running well ahead or well behind their opponents. Many gifts were reduced in magnitude.

Overall, COPE gifts to House and Senate candidates totaled just over $800,000, a substantial drop from the million dollars given in 1988. COPE contributed much less money to House candidates in 1992 than in the most recent election cycles, but increased its aggregate gifts to Senate challengers and especially open-seat candidates.


Conclusions: COPE in the Information Flow

In an uncertain election cycle, COPE benefited from a strong grassroots network of labor activists and from local and state union organizations in gathering information. This information was processed by committees composed of the heads of various labor PACs, and lists of important close races were developed and distributed. These lists influenced but did not determine the contribution strategies of member unions. They probably influenced the decisions of other PACs as well, for candidates on the COPE marginal list would make this information known to all other sympathetic PACs. This would signal that COPE's political operatives believed that the race was competitive, and this information would be helpful to other PACs with less widespread organizations to gather political information.

COPE was part of a larger network of information as well. COPE representatives and PAC directors from COPE member unions attended briefings by party organizations and informally shared information with party members. They consulted with state party chairs on the best ways to spend soft money. They attended briefings by other PACs to which they had contributed, and shared information at those meetings as well. They welcomed targeting information from NCEC, and that information helped state and local union activists to better use their resources in voter mobilization efforts.

Labor leaders were generally pleased with the outcome of the 1992 elections. For the first time in twelve years a Democrat was headed for the White House, Democrats held their own in the Senate although they had more seats to defend, and losses in the House were far smaller than had been feared a year before. This political lineup did not guarantee that labor's agenda would be fully enacted: indeed, the Clinton budget cuts and health care plan were certain to require modification before they could win labor endorsement. Yet labor leaders again had access to the White House, and Democrats controlled the major institutions that make national policy. This suggested the possibility that the 1990s would be a better decade for labor unions and their members.

-27-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Risky Business? Pac Decisionmaking in Congressional Elections
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 314

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.