Broker, Mediator, Patron, and Kinsman: An Historical Analysis of Key Leadership Roles in a Rural Malaysian District

By Conner Bailey | Go to book overview

CHAPTER II

Sik in the Nineteenth Century

Before attempting to portray social conditions in Sik before the colonial period, the difficulty in separating myth from historical fact should be recognized. There is neither archeological24 nor documentary evidence to provide a factual basis for the often colorful material provided by local informants in which important characters assume heroic, if not superhuman, qualities. Although their accuracy may be questionable, local legends are valuable as source material insofar as they can be seen to portray an idealized past which provides a legitimizing sense of tradition to contemporary social norms. Though names, places, and dates have been lost or jumbled, in some ways this reconstructed past is as useful to our understanding of contemporary events as would be a complete, factual record.

For example, past penghulus were recalled to have been "like Sultans,"25 it being frequently noted in this context that the positions of both Sultan and penghulu were hereditary. Hereditary succession to important positions is the ideal, but in fact only once in the twentieth century has a penghulu of Sik succeeded a kinsman, while not one penghulu of the nineteenth century was remembered to have followed a hereditary path of succession. Yet in 1969 the attraction of this ideal was still strong. With the penghulu of Mukim Sik about to retire, two delegations of local notables collected petitions with over 2,000 signatures and presented them to the Chief Minister of Kedah, requesting that the penghulu's son be appointed to succeed his father. The fact that the father had not inherited his position, nor had any penghulu of the mukim ever

____________________
24
Two earthen-walled forts in Sik are of potential interest. They probably guarded the river approaches to settled areas and may have been points at which taxes were levied on trade goods flowing in either direction. One of these has been completely demolished in the course of the construction of the Muda Dam; the other has been partially leveled to make way for a playing field at an elementary school in Kampong Kuala Jeneri. Some part of the wall still stands to a height of five feet, and villagers periodically recover brass objects and old tombstones from the area.
25
"Macam Sultan juga."

-22-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Broker, Mediator, Patron, and Kinsman: An Historical Analysis of Key Leadership Roles in a Rural Malaysian District
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Contents v
  • Abbreviations vi
  • Foreward ix
  • Introduction 1
  • Chapter I 9
  • Chapter II 22
  • Chapter III 40
  • Conclusion 70
  • Glossary 74
  • Bibliography 76
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 84

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.