The Challenge of the Medieval Text: Studies in Genre and Interpretation

By W. T. H. Jackson; Joan M. Ferrante et al. | Go to book overview

rise to new types. Wherever the influence of the pastourelle can be noted, it is possible to trace its original satirical undertone. The peasant girl is mocked for her naiveté, her mother for her shrewishness and cupidity, the knight for his sensuality, his materialism, and his crudity in love-making. The pastourelles are essentially the poems of the mocking bystander, the worldly cynic--in other words, the poems of the wandering cleric or his disciples. Later modification may blunt the barb of the satire but the essentially sophisticated, cynical nature of the genre remains.


NOTES
1.
A. Jeanroy, Les origines de la poésie lyrique en France au moyen âge ( Paris: Champion, 1925), p. 19.
2.
E. Piguet, L'évolution de la pastourelle du XIIe siècle nos jours ( Basel: Heibing und Lichterhahn, 1927).
3.
H. Brinkmann, Die Entstehungsgeschichte des Minnesangs ( Halle: Niemeyer, 1925), p. 65; Brinkmann, Geschichte der lateinischen Liebesdichtung im Mittelalter ( Halle: Niemeyer, 1925), pp. 77ff.
4.
Brinkmann, Liebesdichtung, pp. 79ff.
5.
The Provençal pastourelles are collected in J. Audiau, La pastourelle dans la poèsie occitane ( Paris: Boccard, 1923).
6.
It is invariably found in the Provençal examples, but in the Latin poems the girl often does not speak.
7.
In French they are listed by E. Faral, "La pastourelle", Romania ( 1923), 49:204ff.
8.
Andreas Capellanus, De amore libri tres, Trojel ed. ( Copenhagen, 1892), p. 236.
9.
Brinkmann, Entstehungsgeschichte, gives several examples on pp. 6ff.
10.
The best-known example is the poem "Phyllis and Flora" ( "Carmina Burana" 92), but the subject is also mentioned in 138, 142, 168.
11.
As set forth in the two works already mentioned.
12.
Published in ZfdA ( 1869), 14:245ff.
13.
The Cambridge Songs, Karl Breul, ed. ( Cambridge: University Press, 1915), no. 35.
14.
Die Gedichte Walthers von Châtillon, Karl Strecker, ed. ( Berlin: Weidmannsche Buchhandlung, 1925).
15.
Carmina Burana, Hilka and Schumann, eds. ( Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 1931- 1970), nos. 72, 157, 158, 184, 185.
16.
E. Faral, "La pastourelle", lists the various types. They may also be found in Piguet, L'évolution de la pastourelle.
17.
For example, Jocelin de Bruges. A. Scheler, Trouvères belges du XIIe au XIVe siècle ( Brussels: Mathieu Closson, 1876), pp. 154ff.

-79-

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