Judicial Control of the European Communities

By Gerhard Bebr | Go to book overview

3
Introduction

POLITICAL CONTROL

THE considerable Community powers require effective political and judicial safeguards and controls to assure their proper and legitimate use. Before a detailed examination of the problem of judicial control is undertaken, the political safeguards built into the institutional structure of the Communities may be briefly sketched. Such a background may set the stage for the main discussion and help to place the role of judicial control and its inherent potentialities and limitations in a proper perspective. The prescribed co-operation between the High Authority or the Commissions and the Council is the most outstanding political safeguard.1 Another such safeguard is the required consultation by the Authority with the Consultative Committee,2 or by the EEC and Euratom Council and Commission with the Economic and Social Committee.3 The Rome Treaties introduced a new safeguard in the form of an obligatory consultation by the Council with the Assembly.4 This safeguard results partly from the growing political power of the Assembly, partly from the greatly expanded competence of the EEC and its considerably increased quasi-legislative powers. Acting upon a proposal of the Commission the Council must as a rule, before taking any action, consult with the Assembly. It is significant that it is the Council and not the Commission which transmits the Commission's

____________________
1
For further reference see p. 16, note 99.
2
ECSC Treaty, Arts. 19, para. 1; 53; 55 (2); 56; 58 (1) (3); 59 (1) (5) (6); 60 (1) (2); 61, para. 1; 62; 68 (2); 95, para. 1.
3
EEC Treaty, Arts. 198, para. 1; 43 (2); 49, para. 1; 54 (1) (2); 63 (1) (2); 75 (1); 79 (3); 100, para. 2; 118, para. 3; 121; 126; 127; 128. Euratom Treaty, Arts. 170, para. 1; 9 (1); 31, para. 1; 96, para. 2; 98, Para. 2.
4
EEC Treaty, Arts. 137; 14 (7); 43 (2), para. 3; 54 (1) (2); 56 (2); 57 (1) (2); 63 (1) (2); 75 (1); 87 (1); 126, para. 1; 127; 201, para. 3; 203 (3) (4); 235; 236, para. 2; 238, Para 2. Euratom Treaty, Arts. 107, 31, para. 2; 85; 90; 96, para. 2; 98, para. 2; 173, para. 3; 177 (3) (4); 203; 206, para. 2.

-33-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Judicial Control of the European Communities
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xi
  • Cases xv
  • Part One - The Court in the Structure Of the European Communities xxi
  • I - Objectives and Powers of the Communities 1
  • 2 - Nature and Composition of the Court 21
  • Part Two - Direct Judicial Control 31
  • 3 - Introduction 33
  • 4 - Appeal for Annulment 37
  • 6 - Effects of the Court's Judgment 130
  • 7 - Charge of Exception of Illegality 138
  • 8 - Constitutional Control 149
  • Part Three - Indirect Judicial Control 167
  • 10 - Supremacy of the Court Over Community Matters Before Municipal Courts 178
  • II - Conclusions 237
  • Bibliography 244
  • Index 263
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 272

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.