Advances in Input-Output Analysis: Technology, Planning, and Development

By William Peterson | Go to book overview
3.
An alternative way of estimating potential linkages would be to start from coefficient matrices of total intermediate deliveries (AT), that is, including imported intermediates (AM), rather than to restrict the analysis to intermediates produced domestically alone (AD). The latter would describe actual linkages only (see also Lee, 1986).
4.
The choice is open here, as with the choice of a numeraire in cost benefit analysis, namely whether production, income, or employment (or foreign exchange) would be the target item for optimization.
5.
Within manufacturing this applies in particular to agro-based industries (figures not shown).
6.
Later on Balassa ( 1986) included imports as well, to arrive at figures for net exports.
7.
This preference is substantiated in Kol and Mennes ( 1986).
8.
Except for trade with Mexico, mostly due to a large share of low-labor-intensive chemicals (medicines) in Mexican exports.

REFERENCES

Balassa, B. 1965. "Trade liberalisation and 'revealed' comparative advantage." Manchester School 33: 99-123.

Balassa, B. 1986. "Comparative advantage in manufactured goods: A reappraisal." Review of Economics and Statistics 68: 315-319.

Baldwin, Robert E. 1971. "Determinants of the commodity structure of U.S. trade." American Economic Review 61: 126-146.

Bulmer-Thomas, V. 1982. Input-Output Analysis in Developing Countries. Chichester, England: Wiley.

Glismann, H. H., and D. Spinanger. 1982. "Employment and income effects of re-locating textile industries." The World Economy 5: 105-109.

Hamilton, Carl, and Lars E. O. Svensson. 1982. "Should direct or total factor intensities be used in tests of the factor proportions hypotheses in international trade theory?" Seminar paper no. 206, Institute for International Economic Studies, University of Stockholm.

Hirschman, Albert O. 1958. The Strategy of Economic Development. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.

Jones, Leroy P. 1976. "The measurement of Hirschmanian linkage." Quarterly Journal of Economics 90: 323-333.

Kol, Jacob, and Loet B. M. Mennes. 1986. "Intra-industry specialization: Some observations on concepts and measurement." Journal of International Economics 21: 173-181.

Krueger, Anne O. 1983. Trade and Employment in Developing Countries (part 3). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lee, Kuhn C. 1986. "Input-output multipliers with backward, forward and total linkages." Mississippi Research & Development Center, Jackson, Miss.

Lydall, H. F. 1975. Trade and Employment. Geneva: International Labor Office.

Michaely, M. 1984. Trade, Income Levels and Dependence. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

Riedel, James. 1975. "Factor proportions, linkages and the open developing economy." Review of Economics and Statistics. Nov.: 487-494.

Schumacher, Dieter. 1984. "North-South trade and shifts in employment." International Labour Review 123: 333-348.

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