Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee 1901-1915

By Louis R. Harlan | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Damming Niagara

I am, Your obedient humble servant, Chisum, to use as your Eminence desires, absolutely.

THE summit conference of black leaders at Carnegie Hall in January 1904 was not only a logical response to the fragmentation of Afro-American leadership symbolized by the Boston Riot, but its failure to achieve any unity or even truce among the factions pointed inevitably toward the Niagara Movement a year later. The times themselves contributed to this polarization, as white aggression took the extreme forms of lynching and race riot, and the slower but continuous forms of segregation, disfranchisement, and exclusion from one avenue after another of black advancement. Black dissatisfaction took the form not only of protest against white oppression but disillusionment with the compromising, temporizing leadership of Booker T. Washington.

The Niagara Movement reflected the personality of W. E. B. Du Bois rather than Monroe Trotter, for Trotter's talents lay in stirring controversy, whereas Du Bois was an intellectual system-builder. He fashioned a black self-advancement movement that in every feature was a contrast to the Tuskegee Machine. Where Washington proposed to improve the racial climate through conciliation, the Niagara Movement proposed to clear the air by frank protest of injustice. Where the Tuskegee Machine stood for the up-and-coming black


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee 1901-1915


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 550

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?