A White Man's Country
. . . take him all in all the greatest man, save General Lee, born in the South in a hundred years; but he is not a typical negro.
JOHN SPENCER BASSETT, 1903
A fraud & a liar; a smart man; training social parasites; you never heard of a student of his school who ever did anything useful except teach school. BTW has one practice in South another in the North--showing him a hypocrite.*
JAMES K. VARDAMAN, 1907
EVEN before he had become a leader and spokesman of other blacks, Washington had built his own personal career as a southern black educator out of his ability to survive and even thrive in the South, a region that white men unanimously, but with varying degrees of raucousness, proclaimed a white man's country. Washington survived through deliberate compromises with the white men who owned and controlled the South; his compromises were reflected in the social philosophy he espoused and in the way he conducted Tuskegee Institute. But the most important feature of his interracial politics and diplomacy was the personal relationship he established with whites in power. He constantly and cannily cultivated the friendship____________________