Brief of the American
Psychological Association Task Force
on the Rights of Children and Youth
as Amicus Curiae in Support of Petitioners
In the Case of Ingraham v. Wright
Gertrude M. Bacon
Irwin A. Hyman
We respectfully submit this brief based on the following resolution passed by the Council of Representatives -- the governing body of the American Psychological Association: "The American Psychological Association opposes the use of corporal punishment in schools, juvenile facilities, child care nurseries, and all other institutions, public or private, where children are cared for or educated."
The right of protection afforded to every human being against physical encroachment on their bodies without their consent is one of the most important protections afforded by the Constitution.
The wisdom of the Supreme Court cautiously to consider any decision permitting violence is well evidenced by its overruling mandatory enforcement of capital punishment -- and specifically permitting this Writ of Cerdtiorari -- opposing corporal punishment in schools.
It is clear that the constitutional issue of "cruel and unusual punishment" must be periodically reconsidered as it applies to any form of officially sanctioned physical violence.
This essay was submitted as an amicus curiae in support of petitioners to the United States Supreme Court in the case of Ingraham v. Wright.