Corporal Punishment in American Education: Readings in History, Practice, and Alternatives

By Irwin A. Hyman; James H. Wise | Go to book overview

25
The Effects of Punishment on Academic Achievement: A Review of Recent Research

John Lamberth

The usual rationale for the use of punishment in educational settings focuses on the need to maintain order and a proper atmosphere for learning. The immediate and practical implications are to stop undesirable behaviors which are interpreted by educators as being disruptive. While there are a variety of methods to eliminate disruptive behavior, punitive methods are still widely used. Practices such as corporal punishment, suspension, and expulsion are historically rooted in American educational tradition. Earlier sections of this book document the use of physical abuse of children based on the Judeo-Christian belief that "sparing the rod" will retard or prevent proper moral development. Corporal punishment is just one extreme type used by educators.

Although punishment has historically been accepted pedagogical procedure there is relatively little research to demonstrate its effectiveness. Other essays in this section of the book examine the merits of punishment and reward as educational strategies to change behavior but do not present in depth analyses of the effects of punishment on academic achievement. The purpose of this paper is to examine the literature which focuses on the relation between the use of punitive educational methods and academic achievement.

Since there are no studies specifically examining the effects of corporal punishment in school on academic achievement, the investigator chose to review studies of punishment in general. By conceptualizing corporal punishment as one facet of the broader category, it is possible to speculate upon the results which might be obtained from the type of research which will probably never be adequately conducted. There is a body of literature which reports the effects of teacher behaviors on students' learning and achievement. Specifically, investigations have revealed that teacher use of ap-

-384-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Corporal Punishment in American Education: Readings in History, Practice, and Alternatives
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 471

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.