The Early History of Syria and Palestine

By Lewis Bayles Paton | Go to book overview
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CHAPTER V
THE CANAANITIC MIGRATION 1700-1553 B.C.

ABOUT 1700 B.C. the Kashshu or Kassites appeared in Babylonia. They came apparently from the steppes of Central Asia, and were akin to the Turks and the Tartars of a later period. After overrunning Media and Elam they broke into Babylonia, and Gandash, their leader, became the founder of the third, or Kassite dynasty, which from 1688-1113 B.C. maintained itself upon the throne of Babylon. At first these invaders wasted the country with fire and sword, and carried away its treasures to their mountain fastnesses, or to strongholds that they had constructed in the marshes of South Babylonia. Marduk, the chief god of Babylon, they removed to Khani, a region of Western Media, in token that the supremacy of Babylon had come to an end. Gradually, however, they fell under the spell of the ancient civilization; and, like all the invaders that had gone before them, adopted the language and the customs of the land and were soon indistinguishable from the old Babylonian population. Karaindash, the sixth king of the dynasty, placed the title "king of Kashshu" after the title "king of Babylon," and his successors

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