THE ASSYRIAN SUPREMACY 745-625 B.C.
IN 745 one of Ashurnirari's generals, taking advantage of a revolt in the city of Caleh, usurped the throne, and assumed the name of Tiglath-pileser in token of his determination to rival the conquests of his great namesake.1 In his coronation year he marched into Babylonia, ostensibly to defend it from the incursions of the nomadic Aramæans, but really to make himself master of the country. The following year he chastised the rebellious tribes of the East. Then he was ready for conquests in the West.
During the reign of his feeble predecessors the provinces had thrown off their allegiance, and the more northerly ones had become tributary to Armenia. A certain Matiel had established himself at Arpad with the help of the Armenian Sarduri II., and had made it a centre of rebellion. Against him Tiglath- pileser marched in 743, and besieged his city.2 Sarduri therefore invaded Mesopotamia with his allies, Sulumal of Melitene, Tarkhulara of Gurgum, and____________________