after independence. Urban and population growth, which had begun in
the colonial period, continued and speeded up following uhuru. Even in
the educational sphere, the great expansion in numbers of schools and
pupils was accomplished by largely retaining the essentials of the
inherited colonial system. Given the economic policies followed by the
independent government, this continuity in the sphere of social policy
came as no surprise.
Republic of Kenya, High-Level Manpower Requirements and Resources in Kenya 1964-70
( Nairobi, Government Printer, 1965), p. 29.
Donald Rothchild, Racial Bargaining in Independent Kenya ( London, Oxford University
Press, 1973), pp. 54-56.
3. Ibid., pp. 51ff. Alison Smith, 'The Immigrant Communities (1): The Europeans',
D. A. Low and
Alison Smith (eds), History of East Africa, Vol. 3 ( London, Oxford
University Press, 1976), p. 457. 4.
Rothchild, Racial Bargaining, p. 33.
5. Ibid. Smith, 'Immigrant Communities', pp. 460-461. 6.
Rothchild, Racial Bargaining, p. 37.
8. The majority of male Asian employees interviewed by Rothchild in 1966 earned
between £360 and £719 per annum. Ibid., p. 50. 11.
Daily Nation, 7 January 1971.
Rothchild, Racial Bargaining, pp. 244-248.
A. I. Salim, The Swahili-Speaking Peoples of Kenya's Coast 1895-1965 ( Nairobi, East
African Publishing House, 1973), p. 245.
Jomo Kenyatta, Suffering Without Bitterness ( Nairobi, East African Publishing House, 1968), p. 166.
Rothchild, Racial Bargaining, pp. 181-182.
Republic of Kenya, Education Commission Report Part II ( Nairobi, Government Printer, 1965), p. 19.
Gavin Kitching, Class and Economic Change in Kenya ( New Haven, Yale University
Press, 1980), pp. 144-145; Colin Leys, Underdevelopment in Kenya: The Political Economy
of Neo-Colonialism ( London, Heinemann, 1975), pp. 50-117.
Leys, Underdevelopment, pp. 171-174; John Carlsen, Economic and Social Transformation
in Rural Kenya ( Uppsala, Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, 1980), pp. 190-
192; Christopher Leo, Land and Class in Kenya ( Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1984), pp. 187-94.
Carlsen, Economic and Social, pp. 191-192.
The best historical account of this group is provided by Kitching, Class. See also Leys, Underdevelopment, pp. 148-165.
Carlsen, Economic and Social, p. 192; Leo, Land and Class, pp. 187-190.
Michael Cowen, 'Commodity Production in Kenya's Central Province', in
P. Roberts and
G. Williams (eds), Rural Development in Tropical Africa ( New
York, St Martin's Press, 1981), pp. 138-139; Michael Cowen, "'The Agrarian Problem: Notes on the Nairobi Discussion'", Review of African Political Economy 20
( January-April 1981), 62.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Decolonization & Independence in Kenya, 1940-93.
Contributors: B. A. Ogot - Author, W. R. Ochieng - Author.
Publisher: James Currey.
Place of publication: London.
Publication year: 1995.
Page number: 144.
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