Republic of Kenya, High-Level Manpower Requirements and Resources in Kenya 1964-70
( Nairobi, Government Printer, 1965), p. 29.
Donald Rothchild, Racial Bargaining in Independent Kenya ( London, Oxford University
Press, 1973), pp. 54-56.
3. Ibid., pp. 51ff. Alison Smith, 'The Immigrant Communities (1): The Europeans',
D. A. Low and
Alison Smith (eds), History of East Africa, Vol. 3 ( London, Oxford
University Press, 1976), p. 457. 4.
Rothchild, Racial Bargaining, p. 33.
5. Ibid. Smith, 'Immigrant Communities', pp. 460-461. 6.
Rothchild, Racial Bargaining, p. 37.
8. The majority of male Asian employees interviewed by Rothchild in 1966 earned
between £360 and £719 per annum. Ibid., p. 50. 11.
Daily Nation, 7 January 1971.
Rothchild, Racial Bargaining, pp. 244-248.
A. I. Salim, The Swahili-Speaking Peoples of Kenya's Coast 1895-1965 ( Nairobi, East
African Publishing House, 1973), p. 245.
Jomo Kenyatta, Suffering Without Bitterness ( Nairobi, East African Publishing House, 1968), p. 166.
Rothchild, Racial Bargaining, pp. 181-182.
Republic of Kenya, Education Commission Report Part II ( Nairobi, Government Printer, 1965), p. 19.
Gavin Kitching, Class and Economic Change in Kenya ( New Haven, Yale University
Press, 1980), pp. 144-145; Colin Leys, Underdevelopment in Kenya: The Political Economy
of Neo-Colonialism ( London, Heinemann, 1975), pp. 50-117.
Leys, Underdevelopment, pp. 171-174; John Carlsen, Economic and Social Transformation
in Rural Kenya ( Uppsala, Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, 1980), pp. 190-
192; Christopher Leo, Land and Class in Kenya ( Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1984), pp. 187-94.
Carlsen, Economic and Social, pp. 191-192.
The best historical account of this group is provided by Kitching, Class. See also Leys, Underdevelopment, pp. 148-165.
Carlsen, Economic and Social, p. 192; Leo, Land and Class, pp. 187-190.
Michael Cowen, 'Commodity Production in Kenya's Central Province', in
P. Roberts and
G. Williams (eds), Rural Development in Tropical Africa ( New
York, St Martin's Press, 1981), pp. 138-139; Michael Cowen, "'The Agrarian Problem: Notes on the Nairobi Discussion'", Review of African Political Economy 20
( January-April 1981), 62.