Bellamy's presence -- he played the inappropriate male partner in such films
as The Awful Truth ( 1937) and His Girl Friday ( 1940) -- also serves to evoke the
world of 1930s comedies.
See, for example, Ron Grover, The Disney Touch: Disney, ABC, and the Quest
for the World's Greatest Media Empire ( Chicago: Irwin, 1997), pp. 221-224.
Terry Gross's interview with Barry Primus, Fresh Air, August 27, 1992.
Evidence of the impact of Pretty Woman's ascent narrative can be seen in a
story about Slavic women becoming prostitutes ( New York Times, January 11, 1998, pp. 1, 6). The film is cited as a factor in women's willingness to become
Although the film's early scenes represent Edward in much the same terms
as It Happened One Night represents Ellie, the later Oedipal narrative of his father's desertion suggests that he cannot be as inexperienced and sheltered as these
scenes suggest. Here, the momentary demands of the narrative seem to overwhelm the makers' desire for consistency.
See, for example, Nancy Chodorow, The Reproduction of Mothering:
Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender ( Berkeley: University of California
All quotations from Pretty Woman are from my transcription of the sound
See, for example, The Collected Screenplays of Bernard Shaw,
Bernard F. Dukore
, ed. ( Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1980), p. 229.
See Steve Neale's interesting discussion of the development of film comedy, "The Big Romance or Something Wild?: Romantic Comedy Today", Screen, 33:3
( Autumn 1992): pp. 284-299.
Hilary Radner, "Pretty Is as Pretty Does: Free Enterprise and the Marriage
Plot", in Film Theory Goes to the Movies, Jim Collins,
Hilary Radner, and
Ava Preacher Collins
, eds. ( New York: Routledge, 1993), pp. 56-76.
Radner ( "Pretty Is as Pretty Does") treats this equation literally rather than
The illusion is that it is possible to simultaneously satisfy two criteria that
are articulated as mutually exclusive. So, for example, a woman cannot fulfill the
roles of homemaker and sexual partner at the same time.