Master of Airpower: General Carl A. Spaatz

By David R. Mets | Go to book overview
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Katherine Gresham, granddaughter, interview, Washington, D.C., 19 September 1982.
Ira C. Eaker, AIR FORCE Magazine, Sept. 1974, "General Carl A. Spaatz, USAF," June 28, 1981; July 14, 1974, p 46.
Alfred Goldberg, "General Carl A. Spaatz, " The War Lords, ed. Field Marshal Sir Michael Carver, Little Brown and Company, Boston, 1976.
Richard H. Kohn and Joseph P. Harahan, "Air Leadership Conference, April 13-14, 1984," Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
Mrs. Carl A. Spaatz, interview, Washington, D.C., 25 March 1982. Though Air Service and Air Corps records use the single "a" from 1910 to 1937, the double "a" is used in this book from the beginning for clarity and to distinguish General Spaatz from his grandfather, Carl Spatz. In Germany, the family always spelled the name as "Spatz," and Gen. Carl Spaatz's grandfather and father retained that spelling through their lifetimes. During the late 1930s, the general's daughters and wife were annoyed with the tendency for the girls' playmates to pronounce the name "spats," which were the men's short ankle leggings still in use at the time. The family prevailed upon him to add an "a" to the spelling to induce others to pronounce the name as "spots" in order to end the embarrassment. (See p. 104) There seems to have been a branch of the family in Belgium that did use that spelling, but the general's family clearly had its origins in Germany, not Belgium.
Passport, King of Prussia, King's Government of Duesseldorf, Town of Eberfeld, dated 14 March 1965, issued to Carl Spatz, copy and translation in the possession of author.
Notes, undated, Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Spaatz Collection, Box 28. (Hereafter cited as "Spaatz Papers")
Mrs. Carl A. Spaatz, interview, Washington, D.C., 25 March 1982.
"Charles B. Spatz," Book of Biographies--Berks County, Pennsylvania ( Buffalo, NY: Biographical Publishing Company, 1898, copy of extract in the possession of the author).
"Boyertown Newspaper Marks 125 Years of Publication," Boyertown Area Times ( 3 June 1982), Sec. A, p. 1.
Berks County Democrat, ( 1908-1910).
"Charles B. Spatz," Book of Biographies.
Letter, Mrs. Ruth Steinmiller to Mrs. Carl A. Spaatz ( August 1942).


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