Surveys and Question Wording
The empirical evidence used in this book comes from the second and third waves of the World Values Survey. The surveys are drawn from national representative samples in each country. The first wave of surveys was conducted between 1981 and 1984 and included 24 societies. The second wave was conducted between 1990 and 1993 and included 43 societies. The third wave started in 1995, and by the time of this writing, 48 samples had been completed (including 42 national samples, 5 subnational samples, and 1 pilot study). Countries and sample sizes by wave appear in Table A.1. Note that the list includes only the countries analyzed in this book. Countries are listed according to their code number in the ICPSR (Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research) archives at the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.
All variables are from the 1990-1993 or 1995-1997 World Values Survey. Variable numbers as in the ICPSR codebooks are shown first. In some cases the original scales were recoded; the coding used for this book is specified in parentheses.
V16. Environment vs. unemployment. If we want to combat unemployment in this country, we shall just have to accept environmental problems. (1=strongly agree; 4=strongly disagree).