10 Instruction and Training Michael J. Lawson
The Flinders University of South AustraliaRecent reviews of the psychology of training in organizations show increasing
interest in the cognitive approach to the study of learning. Major articles, such as
those by Latham ( 1989), Howell and
Cooke ( 1989) and Tannenbaum and
( 1992), provide discussions of the broad cognitive view of learning and draw on
a body of literature that shows increasing concern with problems of training.
However, the emphasis in these discussions is placed on descriptions of learning
in cognitive terms and much less attention is paid to instructional procedure. Cannon-
Converse ( 1991) show that this concern about a lack of integration between the theory of training and practice has
been expressed in several major documents in the past 2 decades and argue that
the situation has changed little in recent times.This chapter describes a framework that attempts to move theory and instructional procedure closer together. Recent cognitive theories of learning and problem solving offer a rich knowledge base for the generation of instructional
procedures. The results of this research indicate that instruction must take into
account that the individuals involved in training:
|come to instruction with goals and powerful expectations|
|have limits on their processing capabilities|
|closely relate their learning to the particular training situation|
|construct their own representations of training content|
|interact with and actively transform the training materials|
|develop their own strategies for this transformation|
|regulate their learning actions|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Psychology and Policing.
Contributors: Neil Brewer - Editor, Carlene Wilson - Editor.
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Place of publication: Hillsdale, NJ.
Publication year: 1995.
Page number: 229.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may
not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.