Anonymous and Pseudonymous Frankish
and Visigothic Penitentials of the
Eighth and Ninth Centuries
1. THE JUDGMENT OF CLEMENT (ca. 700-750)[HADDAN and Stubbs reprint from Kunstmann the short penitential
under the title Iudicium Clementis, which is translated below. Kunstmann first published this document from a Munich manuscript, and it
was reprinted by Wasserschleben, who collated with this text a manuscript of Heiligenkreuz. Kunstmann's identification of the author with
Willibrord ( 658-739), the Irish-trained English missionary who became
bishop of Utrecht in 695, has no support except the fact that at his consecration Willibrord took the name Clemens. This name, however, occurs
so frequently among monks and ecclesiastics of the early Middle Ages
that any identification of the author without further evidence is perilous.
Nothing in the content of the document would definitely exclude the
possibility of its authorship by Willibrord Clement; but canon 3 seems
to imply a stage of commercialization which is more evident in the
generation after his death.]Here begins the Judgment of Clement.
|1. ||If anyone by force or by any device in evil manner breaks into
another's property, he shall do penance for three years, one of these
on bread and water, and give liberal alms.|
|2. ||If anyone belonging to the ministry of holy Church commits
any kind of fraud, he shall do penance for seven years, three of these
on bread and water.|
|3. ||If anyone fasts for a reward and takes upon himself the sins of
another, he is not worthy to be called a Christian. He shall fast for
himself as much as he promised to fast for the other and give to the
poor what he has received.|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Medieval Handbooks of Penance:A Translation of the Principal Libri Poenitentiales and Selections from Related Documents.
Contributors: John T. McNeill - Author, Helena M. Gamer - Author.
Publisher: Columbia University Press.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1938.
Page number: 271.
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