always particles and that what makes us conclude that there are
waves, [namely] the interferences, refers only to expansion. We
reach, therefore, so to speak, the following proportion: Wave
nature is to the nature of particles what super-individual potentiality is to individual actuality. For, for the so-called waves
of matter--because of their excess over the speed of light--immateriality, i.e., pure potentiality, is valid from the very beginning.
SIGNIFICANCE FOR OUR PICTURE OF THE WORLDIn a prize essay of 1923 on "The Relation of Einstein's
Theory of Relativity to Contemporary Philosophy" (which
was composed in response to a prize offered by the Annalen der
Philosophie, and to which the prize was awarded by a committee of judges consisting of Max von Laue, Ernst von Aster,
and Moritz Schlick, and which was also favorably adjudged by Albert Einstein) the author had already pointed out the compatibility of the theory of relativity with critical realism and
had contended for its significance for our scientific world-
picture. Favoring the objective epistemological worth of the
theory of relativity in the sense of critical realism is, on the
one hand, the possibility of its consistent execution, which is by
no means self-evident, and, on the other hand, its validation
within experience. Today I would summarize this significance
in the following manner:
|1. ||The order of things and events which appears to us as
space, and that which appears to us as time with regard to the
external world, are, of course, not interchangeable, but neither
are they separated by a sharp boundary. There is, therefore, a
space-like and a time-like "sphere." A "distance" in the sense
of merely being apart from each other may, according to differing conditions, appear as a more spatial or as a more temporal [kind of a] distance. This is connected with the fact|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist.
Contributors: Paul Arthur Schilpp - Editor.
Publisher: Open Court.
Place of publication: La Salle, IL.
Publication year: 1970.
Page number: 602.
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