Sex, Genes, and Testosterone
There can be no question that men and women are profoundly different; beyond the obvious physical differences, and the cultural differences, which are arguably added on late in the course of things like icing on a cake, there seem to be profound differences in the way the sexes relate to the world and to each other. It often seems that men and women are so different that we neither know the other's language; it is as if we were trying to function in a foreign land, while working with a bad translator. Even seemingly precise words can have different nuances and shades of meaning for the different sexes, so that what one thinks was said is not what was perceived.
These differences could obviously arise for many reasons. There is a profound difference in the way boys and girls are raised, and some would argue that the psychological and emotional distances between men and women arise from these cultural differences. This is a sort of radical feminist viewpoint; there are no inherent differences, just differences that are applied to the framework of a human being, like clay is applied to an armature. The other end of the spectrum is that there are profound and inborn differences between the sexes, and that the cultural differences between men and women arise from the genes, as surely as do hair color and height.
As usual, the truth is somewhere in between. There are inborn differences between men and women, just as there are inborn differences between all people. There is a sort of consensus male, an amalgam of those traits most common to men, just
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Publication information: Book title: DNA and Destiny:Nature and Nurture in Human Behavior. Contributors: R. Grant Steen - Author. Publisher: Plenum Press. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1996. Page number: 239.
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