THE ORNAMENTS AND PASSAGES
WE come now to a view of ornaments and passages as taught by the old masters. Caccini introduced the ornaments into his courses immediately after the esclamazio. It has already been pointed out that some of the ornaments, such as the trill, were very old, and the basic elements of the seventeenth century system of colorature, known to church singers of the ninth century, were set forth in 1555 in the "Fontegara" of Canassi del Fontego. He indicated fiorituri and diminutions for flute and said that they were also suitable for voices. A conventionalized placing of embroideries on principal and semi-principal cadences was extant in the last years of the sixteenth century. These decorations now began to be used not only on cadences but other parts of the melody. The singer was warned not to embroider semibreves accompanied by text. Nevertheless to content one's self with ornamenting only cadences betrayed one's ignorance and weakness.
Special types of vocalises for different voices