Children of the Cultural Revolution: Family Life and Political Behavior in Mao's China

By Xiaowei Zang | Go to book overview

Notes
1.
See Richard Kraus, Class Conflict in Chinese Socialism ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1981). Kraus does not use the term "the lower caste lower class people" in his work.
2.
Thara Bhai, Changing Patterns of Caste & Class Relations in South India ( Dehli: Gian Publishing House, 1987); Stephen Fuchs, The Children of Hari ( Vienna: Verlag Herold, 1950); K. L. Sharma, Caste, Class, and Social Movements ( Jaipur: Rawat Publications, 1986).
3.
Kraus 1981 (footnote 1).
4.
Thomas Gold, Urban Private Business and Social Change. Pp. 157-178 in Deborah Davis and Ezra Vogel (eds.) Chinese Society on the Eve of Tiananmen ( The Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1990); Victor Nee, "A Theory of Market Transition: From Redistribution to Markets in State Socialism". American Sociological Review ( 1989) 54/5: Pp. 663-681; Victor Nee, "The Emergence of a Market Society". American Journal of Sociology ( 1995) 101/4: Pp. 908-949.
5.
Chu-yuan Cheng, Behind the Tiananmen Massacre ( Boulder: Westview Press, 1990), p. 16.
6.
Cheng 1990 (footnote 5), p. 16; Gold 1990 (footnote 4).
7.
State Statistical Bureau, China Statistical Yearbook 1998 ( Beijing: China Statistical Publishing House, 1998), p. 131.
8.
Gold 1990 (footnote 4); Margaret M. Pearson, China's New Business Elite ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997); David L. Wank, Commodifying Communism ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).
9.
Gold 1990 (footnote 4); Pearson 1997 (footnote 8); Wank 1999 (footnote 8).
10.
Maria Chang, "The Meaning of the Tiananmen Incident". Global Affairs ( Fall 1989), Pp. 12-35; Wank 1999 (footnote 8).
11.
Jane Macartney, The Students: Hero, Pawns, or Power-Brokers? Pp. 3-23 in George Hicks (ed.) The Broken Mirror ( Chicago: St. James Press, 1990).
12.
Andrew Walder, "Economic Reform and Income Distribution in Tianjin, 1976- 1986". Pp. 135-156 in Davis and Vogel 1990 (footnote 4).
13.
Xiaowei Zang, "Industrial Management Systems and Managerial Ideologies in China". Journal of Northeast Asian Studies ( Spring 1995) 14/1: Pp 80-104.
14.
Yang Yiyong, Dangqian Zhongguo Jiuye Xingshi Fenxi. (An Analysis of the Labor Market in China.), Zhongguo Qingnian, no. 8 ( 1999): Pp 9-10.
15.
Yang Jisheng, Touguo Cunzhe Kan Zhonggu. (Relying on Saving Accounts to Understand China.), Zhongguo Qingnian, no. 10 ( 1996): Pp. 60-62.
16.
It is likely that professionals will become part of the middle class again once a market society is fully developed in China. Human capital then will function again as an important stratifying element.
17.
Workers did not experience significant wage reduction or unemployment at that time, see Walder 1990 (footnote 12).
18.
Macartney 1990 (footnote 11).
19.
Richard Madsen, "The Spiritual Crisis of China's Intellectuals". Pp. 243-260 in Davis and Vogel 1990 (footnote 4).

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