Expecting Trouble: Surrogacy, Fetal Abuse, and New Reproductive Technologies

By Patricia Boling | Go to book overview
64.
The states are Alaska, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, Washington, and Wyoming.
65.
McGowan, letter.
66.
Kusserow, "Prenatal Substance Exposure: State Child Welfare Laws and Procedures".
67.
Ibid., 11-12.
68.
McGowan, letter.

References

Ahart, Ariel, Carolyn Rutsch, and Cynthia Holmes. Macro Systems, Inc. Programs Serving Drug-Exposed Children and Their Families. Vol. 1. Contract No. HHS-100-87-0039. Submitted to Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 1991.

Barr, Helen M., Ann Pytkowicz Streissguth, Betty L. Darby, and Paul D. Sampson. "Prenatal Exposure to Alcohol, Caffeine, Tobacco and Aspirin: Fine and Gross Motor Performance in 4-Year-Old Children". Developmental Psychology 26:339-348. 1990.

Benderly, Beryl Lieff. "Saving the Children". Health 21:74-75. 1989.

Besharov, Douglas J. "Crack Children in Foster Care". Children Today 19:21-25, 35 1990.

Bower, B. "Alcohol's Fetal Harm Lasts a Lifetime". Science News 139:244 1991.

Boyle, Jacquelynn. "ACLU to Back Mom on Charge of Delivering Crack-Addict Baby". Detroit Free Press, 28 October 1989.

Brack, Andy. "Laws Protect Babies Born to Drug Users". Charleston (S.C.) News and Courier, 29 October 1989.

Burek, Deborah M. Encyclopedia of Associations. Vol. 1, Part 2. Detroit: Gale Research, Inc., 1991.

Caher, John. "Mothers Held Liable for Behavior While Pregnant". Albany Times Union, 1 April 1990.

Cole, Helene M. "Legal Interventions During Pregnancy: Court-Ordered Medical Treatments and Legal Penalties for Potentially Harmful Behavior By Pregnant Women". Journal of the American Medical Association 264:2663-2670 ( 28 November 1990).

Cooper, Claire. "Drug Mothers on a Legal Cliff". Sacramento Bee, 5 July 1990.

Cooper William Jr.,. "Twice as Many Blacks Cited for Using Drugs During Pregnancy". Palm Beach Post, 20 November 1989.

Crawford, Selwyn. "Legal System Grapples with Newborn Addicts". Dallas Morning News, 29 July 1989.

Davidson, Jean. "Drug Babies Push Issue of Fetal Rights". Los Angeles Times, 25 April 1989.

DeBettencourt, Kathleen B. "The Wisdom of Solomon: Cutting the Cord That Harms". Children Today 19, 17-20 ( July-August 1990).

Dinsmore, Janet. "Pregnant Drug Users: The Debate over Prosecution". [monograph] American Prosecutors Research Institute: National Center for Prosecution of Child Abuse. March 1992.

Dugger, Celia W. "HRS Moves to Ease Drug-Baby Jam". Miami Herald, 24 November 1988.

Farkas, Karen. "Flaws Found in the Armor of Drug Law". Cleveland Plain Dealer, 18 November 1990.

Feig, Laura. "Drug Exposed Infants and Children: Service Needs and Policy Questions". Washington, D.C: Office of Human Services Policy, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 1990.

-79-

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Expecting Trouble: Surrogacy, Fetal Abuse, and New Reproductive Technologies
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • Notes 7
  • 2 - The Tailor-Made Child: Implications for Women and the State 9
  • Notes 19
  • References 21
  • 3 - Fetal Personhood: Political Identity Under Construction 25
  • Notes 44
  • References 51
  • 4 - Fetal Endangerment Versus Fetal Welfare: Discretion of Prosecutors in Determining Criminal Liability 55
  • Notes 75
  • References 79
  • 5 - A Gender Analysis of Policy Formation: the Case of Fetal Abuse 85
  • Notes 103
  • References 104
  • 6 - Punishment, Treatment, Empowerment: Three Approaches to Policy for Pregnant Addicts 109
  • Notes 126
  • References 131
  • 7 - The Aclu Philosophy and the Right to Abuse the Unborn 135
  • Notes 140
  • 8 - The Trope of the Dark Continent in the Fetal Harm Debates: "Africanism" and the Right to Choice' 142
  • Notes 152
  • 9 - "Surrogate Mothering" and Women's Freedom: a Critique of Contracts for Human Reproduction 156
  • Notes 171
  • References 174
  • 10 - The "Gift" of a Child: Commercial Surrogacy, Gift Surrogacy, and Motherhood 177
  • Notes 196
  • References 200
  • About the Contributors 203
  • About the Book 205
  • Index 207
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