The citations are from: Gregory Currie, Image and Mind: Film, Philosophy, and
Cognitive Science ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), 13; G. Roy Levin, "Introduction", in Documentary Explorations: 15 Interviews with Filmmakers, ed.
G. Roy Levin
( New York: Doubleday, 1971), 4; Lewis Jacobs, "Introduction", in The
Documentary Tradition, ed.
Lewis Jacobs, 2d ed. ( New York: W. W. Norton, 1979), 2; Dziga Vertov, "The Essence of Kino-Eye", in Kino-Eye: The Writings of Dziga Vertov,
Annette Michelson, trans.
Kevin O'Brien ( Berkeley: University of California
Press, 1984), 49-50; Noel Carroll, "From Real to Reel: Entangled in the Nonfiction
Film", Philosophic Exchange 14 ( 1983): 17; Forsyth Hardy, "Introduction", in Grierson
on Documentary, ed. cont, 2d rev. ed. ( London:
Faber, 1979), 13; John Grierson, "First Principles of Documentary", in
Hardy, G rierson on Documentary, 148; Richard Meran Barsam, "American Direct Cinema: The Representation of
Reality", Persistence of Vision 3/4 (1986): 131; Carl Plantinga, Rhetoric and Representation in Nonfiction Film ( New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997), 84; Michael Renov
, "Toward a Poetics of Documentary", in Theorizing Documentary, ed.
( New York: Routledge, 1993), 25; Jean-Louis Comolli, quoted in Realism in
the Cinema, ed.
Christopher Williams ( London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1980), 226-227; William Guynn, A Cinema of Nonfiction ( Rutherford, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickenson University Press, 1990), 41; Bill Nichols, Representing Reality: Issues and Concepts in Documentary ( Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991), 110.
In Big Footprints: An Inquiry into the Reality of Sasquatch ( Boulder: Johnson
Books, 1992), the cryptozoologist Grover Krantz performs a frame-by-frame
analysis of the Patterson footage in an effort to prove its authenticity. To learn
more about Sasquatch,
consult Russel Ciochon,
John Olsen, and
Jamie James, Other Origins: The Search for the Giant Ape in Human Prehistory ( New York: Bantam, 1990); David George Gordon, Field Guide to the Sasquatch ( Seattle: Sasquatch
Books, 1992); and John Green classic, Sasquatch: The Apes Among Us ( Seattle: Hancock House, 1978). With courteous regard to cryptozoologists, I note that to
say we do not currently have adequate reason to believe in Bigfoot's existence is
not the same as claiming that we will never have grounds to hold this belief.
Maybe new and probative evidence will be uncovered one day, in which case the
authenticity of Patterson's film should be reexamined. Or maybe such creatures