Local Parties in Political and Organizational Perspective

By Martin Saiz; Hans Geser | Go to book overview

8
Forms of Patronage and Political
Parties in the Italian City

ANNICK MAGNIER
Università Degli Studi di Firenze

Editors' note: Drawing on extensive survey research on the attitudes of individual citizens and mayors, Magnier's research clearly demonstrates the dual nature of local parties. Depending on party affiliation, Italian mayors differ in their disposition to interact informally with local citizens. In particular, Magnier finds that mayors who are members of parties with strong ideological discipline tend to be less "populistic" in their style of political leadership than mayors from "nonideological" parties, who cultivate widespread personal relationships with many individual voters. Similarly, mayors with established party careers are not particularly disposed to be personally acquainted with or devote much time to informal contacts relative to political "newcomers." Thus, stronger party attachment seems to correlate negatively with responsiveness to local constituents. Yet Magnier also shows that local citizens are more likely to request assistance from mayors who build party-based careers. In sum, this chapter illuminates a common paradox of local party systems. Over time, mayors intensify their contact with party officials at higher levels and are thus able to establish policy networks useful to the local community. At the same time, mayors with strong party ties feel freer to act in opposition to local desires. However, mayors who enlarge their local informal networks are more independent of their party and are freer to respond to local needs. Magnier reports that influence networks are becoming less centralized and less professional, a phenomenon she calls "fragmented clientelism."


Patronage and Organizational Forms in Italian Party Theory

In the most recent proposals for amendment of the dominant typologies of political parties, the Italian case and Italian terminology remain as

-191-

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Local Parties in Political and Organizational Perspective
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Figures ix
  • Part One - Theoretical Orientation and Empirical Observations 1
  • 1 - The Local Party as an Object of Interdisciplinary Comparative Study 3
  • Notes 37
  • References 39
  • 2 - Local Political Parties in Comparative Perspective 44
  • Notes 70
  • References 71
  • Part Two - Local Political Parties in Local and National Context 75
  • Notes 98
  • References 98
  • 4 - Local Parties in England 101
  • Notes 121
  • 5 - Local Parties in the German Countryside 123
  • Notes 149
  • References 149
  • 6 - Local Parties and Electioneering in Germany 151
  • Notes 169
  • References 169
  • 7 - Do Political Parties Matter in U.S. Cities? 171
  • Notes 189
  • 8 - Forms of Patronage and Political Parties in the Italian City 191
  • Notes 210
  • References 211
  • 9 - Local Parties in Switzerland 213
  • Notes 239
  • 10 - Local Party Organizations in Denmark 242
  • Notes 269
  • References 270
  • 11 - The Local Party System in Poland 273
  • References 281
  • 12 from Communist Predominance to Multiparty System 283
  • Notes 306
  • Part Three - Conclusion 311
  • References 334
  • Appendix: - Synopsis of Hypotheses 335
  • Index 339
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