Local Parties in Political and Organizational Perspective

By Martin Saiz; Hans Geser | Go to book overview
ential person in their town, compared to 50 percent of the new mayors, who have spent less than fifteen months in office and who feel the same way). One new mayor in four refers to more powerful patrons, whereas only 4 percent of the long-incumbent mayors think of another political leader when asked about the most influential person in the community.
10
The typology was three questions aimed to measure the intensity of the relations with more than twenty actors of the local political and bureaucratic arena and the degree of collaboration with the mayor, at the current moment and before the election. For a description of the technique and of the theoretical frame, see Recchi ( 1993).
11
We designated as "outsiders" the political actors in any party structure or any elected assembly who were in charge.
12
The networks of the shopkeepers seem to show a new phase in the history of patronage relations in the Italian city. Shopkeepers close themselves within inner circles of the local power, around which groups of councillors and assessori, a member of parliament, representatives of interest groups, and journalists may converge, with whom they try without apparent success to maintain a fruitful collaboration.
13
On the current recruitment of municipal leaders, see Bettin and Magnier ( 1995).
14
"The primitive dependence of the clients from the patrician families faded (...) and the Institution of patronage wicked. If in ancient times, the client, to obtain protection must depend exclusively from the mediation of the patron, the more the State consolidated (and consequently diminished the importance of the patrician consortiums), the more the king, even without the mediation of a patron, could grant justice and reparations to the clients" ( Mommsen 1960, 50).
15
Pareto distinguished three parties in the ruling class: "(a) men who aim at ideal objectives, strictly obeying peculiar rules of behaviour; (b) men who aim at providing good for themselves and their clients. We can divide the latter in two categories: those (ba) who content themselves by enjoying power and honours and who leave the material profits to their clients; those (bb) who search for material profits, generally money, for themselves and their clients" ( Pareto 1964, par. 2268, p. 423).

References

Barberis C. 1993. La classe politica municipale. Milano: Angeli.

Bettin, G., and A. Magnier. 1989. Il consigliere comunale. Padova: Cedam.

-----. 1991. Chi governa la città? Una ricerca sugli assessori comunali. Padova: Cedam.

Bettin, G. Lattes, 1995. "I cittadini, le generazioni e l'immagine del sindaco". Queste Istituzioni ( 23):3-30.

Bettin, G. Lattes, and A. Magnier. 1995. "I nuovi sindaci: Come cambia una carriera politica". Rivista Italiana di Scienza Della Politica ( 1):91-118.

Boissevain, J. 1977. "When the Saints Go Marching Out". In E. Gellner and J. Waterbury , eds., Patrons and Clients in Mediterranean Societies, 81-96. London: Duckworth.

-211-

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Local Parties in Political and Organizational Perspective
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Figures ix
  • Part One - Theoretical Orientation and Empirical Observations 1
  • 1 - The Local Party as an Object of Interdisciplinary Comparative Study 3
  • Notes 37
  • References 39
  • 2 - Local Political Parties in Comparative Perspective 44
  • Notes 70
  • References 71
  • Part Two - Local Political Parties in Local and National Context 75
  • Notes 98
  • References 98
  • 4 - Local Parties in England 101
  • Notes 121
  • 5 - Local Parties in the German Countryside 123
  • Notes 149
  • References 149
  • 6 - Local Parties and Electioneering in Germany 151
  • Notes 169
  • References 169
  • 7 - Do Political Parties Matter in U.S. Cities? 171
  • Notes 189
  • 8 - Forms of Patronage and Political Parties in the Italian City 191
  • Notes 210
  • References 211
  • 9 - Local Parties in Switzerland 213
  • Notes 239
  • 10 - Local Party Organizations in Denmark 242
  • Notes 269
  • References 270
  • 11 - The Local Party System in Poland 273
  • References 281
  • 12 from Communist Predominance to Multiparty System 283
  • Notes 306
  • Part Three - Conclusion 311
  • References 334
  • Appendix: - Synopsis of Hypotheses 335
  • Index 339
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