Theory and Design in the First Machine Age

By Reyner Banham | Go to book overview
Save to active project

21: Germany: the encyclopaedics

THE ATMOSPHERE OF 1927 is best given by a book-title that could hardly have been imagined a year earlier--Der Sieg des neuen Baustils, Walter Curt Behrendt's contribution to the body of literature on Modern architecture that is explanatory rather than propagandist in aim, though even he fell victim to an old-established exasperation of the propagandists

When will clients finally realise the spiritual discrepancy between their Louis Seize interiors and their Rolls-Royce cars?

But the victory of the new architecture was real and international-- sufficiently so for 1928 to witness the first attacks on it as an 'International Style', for in that year Alexander von Senger published his Krisis der Architektur, directed against Modern architecture as a whole, but based entirely on quotations from Le Corbusier's books and from L'Esprit Nouveau, which is described as

... this neo-Jacobin review, Le Corbusier's organ, the synthesis of Russian, German and Austrian tendencies, is furthermore, nothing but a disguised Bolshevik propaganda magazine.

The mainstream of Modern architecture had found its International Style, and so had its opponents, for whom von Senger's tone and tactics were to become the norm. But the attitude of the numerous German books that appeared after Weissenhof is not defensive, and their aim is to consolidate the victory of the new style by effecting broad surveys of its materials, its history, its aesthetics. In this context, Ludwig Hilbersheimer stands out for his industry, if for no other reason, and is one of the most characteristic figures of the epoch. His career, to this date, had not been outstandingly busy or successful in architecture, but now, under the aegis of Hannes Meyer, he founded a town-planning department at the Bauhaus, and in two years produced four books that give a remarkably full coverage of the Modern Movement as it then understood itself.

In one of them he surveyed the new architecture as a movement covering most of Europe, Internationale Neue Baukunst, which illustrated the work of some seventy European architects (and four Americans), and proved his judgement to be remarkably sure--very few of the architects whose work

-305-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Theory and Design in the First Machine Age
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 342

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?