The Psychology of Expertise: Cognitive Research and Empirical AI

By Robert R. Hoffman | Go to book overview
Subject Index
ACT*, 37
Aging and memory, 104
Amnesia, 102-103, 107
Analogy, or analogical reasoning in problem solving, 6, 50-51, 63-64, 66, 68-69, 179, 259-260, 283-284
Applied Psychology, as a field, viii
Artificial Intelligence, as a field, 5, 12-14, 174, 179, 297-298, 311-312
Attention, allocation of, 193-194, 196, 198
Attribution of competence or expertise, 194-197, 201-202, 305
Automated Air Load Planning System, 179
Automated explanation, 53
Automated knowledge acquisition, viii, 4, 9, 21, 30, 50-53, 121-133, 149-167, 235, 302, 311
Automated tutoring, or computer-aided instruction, 55, 290, 311
Automatization of knowledge or skill (see also proceduralization; see also verbalizability), 51-53, 100-101, 191-201, 306
Availability heuristic, 47
Backward versus forward reasoning or chaining, 45, 53, 236
Bayes theorem, 47-48
Biases in problem solving or decision making, 30, 45-49, 54-55, 219-220
Bottom-up versus top-down processing, 34-37, 48, 274
Case-based reasoning, 179-181
Categorization, 39-41, 43, 72, 88-89, 93-95
"Chunking" in memory, 30, 34-37, 39, 43, 51-52, 154, 236-237, 277
COMPASS, 137-148,302-303
Computer-aided instruction, or automated tutoring, 55, 290, 311
Computer graphics or display design, 3-4
Conceptual graphs, in knowledge elicitation or representation, 80-96, 300, 305
Conceptually driven versus data-driven processing, 6, 34-37, 48, 106-107
Conduit metaphor, 15
Connectionism, 37
Constructivism, 9, 121-133, 269, 272, 299, 311
"Corporate memory" (see also preservation of knowledge, ix, 7, 170, 173-175, 180-181, 184-185
Critical Decision Method, in knowledge elicitation, 9, 114, 177-178, 181-183, 277-278
Cuing or priming of memory recall, 37-39, 41, 102-104, 106, 108, 306-307
Data-driven versus conceptually driven processing, 6, 34-37, 48, 106-107
Decision making, 6, 45-49, 223-224, 228, 308, 311
Declarative knowledge, versus procedural knowledge, 7, 16-17, 30, 37, 43, 52-53, 99-115, 171, 204, 210, 213, 215-216, 254-255, 260, 262-263, 265, 298, 301, 306
Decomposition in problem solving, 6, 37
DENDRAL, 14, 36, 55
Development of knowledge or skill, 6, 33-34, 49-54, 72-75, 100-102, 109-110, 123-125, 183-185, 191-202, 204, 227, 269-291, 308-311
Development of memory, 107-110
Differential access (see also verbalizability), 7
Display design and computer graphics, 3-4
Dissociations in memory, 102-107
Documentation of expert systems, 149-167

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