In the 1970s, as part of its effort to provide a series of interpretative textbooks on the history of East Africa, the Historical Association of Tanzania (HAT) organised a number of conferences for history teachers. The credit for initiating these gatherings on Tanzania ( 1974), Kenya ( 1975) and Zanzibar ( 1976) goes to Professor A.J. Temu, then Head of the History Department at the University of Dar es Salaam, and Chairperson of HAT.
The papers presented at the first conference were published as Tanzania Under Colonial Rule ( 1980), but the dispersal of academics from the University in the late 1970s hindered the preparation of papers for subsequent volumes. When the task of revising the Zanzibar manuscripts was completed in 1987, foreign exchange problems prevented immediate publication. That obstacle has now been overcome through a generous grant from the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Development Co-operation, to whom HAT and the editors would like to express their gratitude for making possible the publication of this book and its distribution in Tanzania. Earlier versions of Chapter 2 appeared in African Economic History, 18 ( 1989); Chapter 4 in Maji-Maji, No. 28 ( November 1976); and Chapter 8 in African Events, March/April 1988.
We are deeply appreciative of the seminal role the University of Dar es Salaam has played in this project from its inception. Most of the contributors were teaching members of the University who were readily given leave of absence to do research in Zanzibar. The University Research and Publications Committee provided funds for the research and the Institute of Education, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, financed the 1976 conference in Morogoro at which many secondary school teachers made valuable comments on the first drafts of the chapters.
Our thanks go to Fatma Maghimbi and Julia Bruce for typing the manuscripts.
Abdul Sheriff & Ed Ferguson