Automation Technology and Human Performance: Current Research and Trends

By Mark W. Scerbo | Go to book overview
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will negatively impact human performance. In addition, these results support the use of psychophysiological measures in the design and evaluation of adaptively automated systems (for a more detailed discussion, see Byrne & Parasuraman, 1996). Future research should focus on the impact that other schedules of automation may have on correlates of workload as well as other psychophysiological measures that could serve in the development of advanced automation technologies.


1. Lawrence J. Prinzel III served as principal co-author on paper.

The study was supported by the NASA Summer Scholars and NASA Graduate Student Researchers programs (Grant #: NGT-1-52123). The authors would like to acknowledge the considerable assistance of Dr. Alan T. Pope and Dr. Raymond Comstock at the NASA Langley Research Center. We would also like to thank Dr. Mark W. Scerbo for his help with data interpretation.


Byrne E., & Parasuraman R. ( 1996). "Psychophysiology and adaptive automation". Biological Psychology, 42, 249-268.

Comstock J. R. Jr., & Arnegard R. J. ( 1991). "Multi-attribute Task Battery: Applications in Pilot Workload and Strategic Behavior Research". Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 2, 1118-1123.

Hancock P. A., & Chignell M. H. ( 1987). "Adaptive control in human-machine systems". In P. A. Hancock (Ed.), Human factors psychology (pp. 305-345). North Holland: Elsevier Science Publishers.

Hart S. G., & Staveland L. E. ( 1988). "Development of NASA-TLX (Task Load Index): Results of empirical and theoretical research". In P. A. Hancock & N. Meshkati (Eds.), Human Mental Workload (pp. 138- 183). Amsterdam: North-Holland.

Scallen S. F., Hancock P. A., & Duley J. A. ( 1995). "Pilot performance and preference for short cycles of automation in adaptive function allocation". Applied Ergonomics, 26, 397-403.

Scerbo M. W. ( 1996). "Theoretical perspectives on adaptive automation". In R. Parasuraman & M. Mouloua (pp. 37-64), Automation and human performance: Theory and applications. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Vidulich M. A., & Wickens C. D. ( 1986). "Causes of dissociations between subjective workload measures and performance: Caveats for the use of subjective assessments". Applied Ergonomics, 17, 291-296.


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