Automation Technology and Human Performance: Current Research and Trends

By Mark W. Scerbo | Go to book overview

mode, thereby maintaining familiarity with the system and preserving the operator's cognitive ability and baseline skill level.


Directions for Future Research

One direction for future research would be to solicit experienced young and old pilots and subject them to similar high workload, multi-task situations. A serious potential confound with most research performed in this area is that the subject pool includes a mixture of both pilots and non-pilots. Restricting the subject pool to pilots only would eliminate this potential confound and allow meaningful examination of interactions between age, workload and expertise. A potential application of this research would be to determine if the FAA's "Age 60" rule has any merit. The FAA has enforced the "Age 60" rule which effectively prevents a pilot from flying a commercial aircraft as of age 60. If older and younger pilots were to exhibit similar performance on monitoring of automation failures, this could potentially refute the validity of the "Age 60' rule. As mentioned previously, since the fastest growing segment of the population is the elderly population and proliferation of automation and technology shows no indication of slowing, further research in this area is needed.


REFERENCES

Billings C. E. ( 1997). Aviation Automation: The search for the human-centered approach. Mahwah, NJ, Erlbaum.

Comstock J. R. & Arnegard R.J. ( 1992). Multi-attribute task battery. (NASA Technical Memorandum 104174). Hampton, VA. NASA Langley Research Center.

Fitts P. M. ( 1951). Engineering psychology in equipment design. In S. S. Stevens (Ed.), Handbook of experimental psychology (pp. 50-56). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Harbin T. J. ( 1991). Environmental toxicology and the aging visual system. In D. Armstrong, M. F. Marmor & J. M. Ordy (Eds.), The effects of aging and environment on vision (pp. 219-224). New York: Plenum Press.

Hilburn B., Jorna P. G., Byrne E. A., & Parasuraman R. ( 1997). The effect of adaptive air traffic control (ATC) decision aiding on controller mental workload. In M. Mouloua & J. Koonce (Eds.), Human- automation interaction: Research and practice (pp. 42-47). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Parasuraman R. ( 1997). Human use and abuse of automation. In M. Mouloua & J. Koonce (Eds.) Human-automation interaction: Research and practice. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Parasuraman R., Molloy R., and Singh I. L. ( 1993). Performance consequences of automation-induced "complacency." International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 3, 1-23.

Parasuraman R., & Riley V. ( 1997). Humans and automation: Use, misuse, disuse, abuse. Human Factors, 39( 2), 230-253.

Rouse W. B. ( 1988). Adaptive aiding for human/computer control. Human Factors, 30, 431-438.

Small A. ( 1987). Design for older people. In G. Salevendy (Ed.), Handbook of human factors, (pp. 495- 504). New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Vincenzi D. A., Muldoon R. V., & Mouloua M. ( 1997). Effects of age and workload on monitoring of automation failures in multi-task environments. In M. Mouloua & J. Koonce (Eds.), Human- automation interaction: Research and practice (pp. 118-125). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

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