CRIME, in its wider aspects, requires consideration of the whole structure of our social life. For instance, a study of the records of more than one quarter of a million arrests for the year 1932, as evidenced by fingerprint cards received by the Department's Division of Investigation, reveals the menacing fact that there were more arrests at the age of nineteen than at any other age; and that a startlingly large percentage of serious crimes were committed by minors. Manifestly the problem of crime is not limited to detection, arrest, and punishment. It is a social question, with manifold ramifications touching environment, heredity, education, the home, the school and, indeed, almost every activity of life. Prevention is even more important than punishment.
In a radio address several months ago, I stated that the Department of Justice was contemplating the organization of a national institute of criminology. Since that time further consideration has been given to the matter, and plans are now being made which look toward its establishment. The functions of the new organization will be: (a) to assemble, digest, and translate into practical form reports of improvements in the various branches of the administration of criminal justice, such as police, prosecution, court organization and administration, probation, parole, peno-correctional institutions and experiments, and the pardoning function; (b) to educate civic organizations in dif